Microbiome composition comparison in oral and atherosclerotic plaque from patients with and without periodontitis

Daichi Isoshima, Keisuke Yamashiro, Kazuyuki Matsunaga, Makoto Taniguchi, Takehiro Matsubara, Shuta Tomida, Kazuhiro Omori, Tadashi Yamamoto, Shogo Takashiba

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There is no conclusive evidence regarding a causal relationship between periodontitis and atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined the microbiome in the oral cavity and atheromatous plaques from atherosclerosis patients with or without periodontitis to investigate the role of oral bacteria in the formation of atheromatous plaques. We chose four patients with and without periodontitis, who had undergone carotid endarterectomy. Bacterial samples were extracted from saliva on the tongue surface, from periodontal pocket (during the oral examination), and from the atheromatous plaques. We investigated the general and oral conditions from each patient and performed next-generation sequencing analysis for all bacterial samples. There were no significant differences between both groups concerning general conditions. However, the microbiome patterns of the gingival pocket showed differences depending on the absence or presence of periodontitis, while those of the saliva were relatively similar. The microbiome pattern of the atheromatous plaques was entirely different from that in saliva present on the tongue surface and gingival pocket, and oral bacteria were seldom detected. However, the microbiome pattern in atheromatous plaques was different in the presence or absence of periodontitis. These results indicated that oral bacteria did not affect the formation of atheromatous plaques directly. However, the metabolic products of microbiome or the host inflammatory response might indirectly influence the composition of atheromatous plaques.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - Dec 24 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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