Methylation status of normal background mucosa is correlated with occurrence and development of neoplasia in the distal colon

Sakiko Hiraoka, Jun Kato, Joichiro Horii, Shunsuke Saito, Keita Harada, Hideyuki Fujita, Motoaki Kuriyama, Koji Takemoto, Toshio Uraoka, Kazuhide Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the methylation status of normal colonic mucosa in relation to the stage of neoplasia arising from the mucosa. The methylation status of 2 age-related loci (ESR1 and MYOD1) and global methylation (the mean of Alu and Sat2) in the normal colonic mucosa of 156 patients with and without colorectal neoplasia were examined. The distal colon and proximal colon were analyzed separately because neoplasia is biologically and clinically different between these sites. The methylation status was determined by MethyLight using percentage of methylated reference (PMR). In the distal colon, methylation of the age-related loci decreased as the stage of neoplasia increased (patients with no neoplasia or with adenoma ≤9 mm versus patients with advanced adenoma or with invasive cancer: ESR1-PMR median, 21.0 versus 15.7; P = .015; MYOD1-PMR median, 5.35 versus 3.80; P = .0037, respectively). Interestingly, global methylation was inversely correlated with the stage of neoplasia (59.7 versus 61.5; P = .054). In contrast, the proximal colon showed no significant correlations. The methylation of MYOD1 in the normal mucosa was significantly correlated with K-ras mutation in neoplastic tissue arising from the mucosa. Specific epigenetic changes in normal colonic mucosa may be correlated with the occurrence and development of neoplasia in the distal colon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-47
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Colorectal neoplasia
  • Methylation
  • Normal colonic mucosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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