Metastable Superconductivity in Two-Dimensional IrTe2 Crystals

Masaro Yoshida, Kazutaka Kudo, Minoru Nohara, Yoshihiro Iwasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials exhibit unusual physical and chemical properties that are attributed to the thinning-induced modification of their electronic band structure. Recently, reduced thickness was found to dramatically impact not only the static electronic structure, but also the dynamic ordering kinetics. The ordering kinetics of first-order phase transitions becomes significantly slowed with decreasing thickness, and metastable supercooled states can be realized by thinning alone. We therefore focus on layered iridium ditelluride (IrTe2), a charge-ordering system that is transformed into a superconductor by suppressing its first-order transition. Here, we discovered a persistent superconducting zero-resistance state in mechanically exfoliated IrTe2 thin flakes. The maximum superconducting critical temperature (Tc) was identical to that which is chemically optimized, and the emergent superconductivity was revealed to have a metastable nature. The discovered robust metastable superconductivity suggests that 2D material is a new platform to induce, control, and functionalize metastable electronic states that are inaccessible in bulk crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3113-3117
Number of pages5
JournalNano Letters
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 9 2018

Keywords

  • IrTe
  • metastable state
  • superconductivity
  • Two-dimensional material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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