Metallothionein deficiency exacerbates diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Hiromi Tachibana, Daisuke Ogawa, Norio Sogawa, Masato Asanuma, Ikuko Miyazaki, Naoto Terami, Takashi Hatanaka, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. Metallothionein (MT) is induced in proximal tubular epithelial cells as an antioxidant in the diabetic kidney; however, the role of MT in renal function remains unclear. We therefore investigated whether MT deficiency accelerates diabetic nephropathy through oxidative stress and inflammation. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection in MT-deficient (MT-/-) and MT+/+ mice. Urinary albumin excretion, histological changes, markers for reactive oxygen species (ROS), and kidney inflammation were measured. Murine proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) cells were used to further elucidate the role of MT under high-glucose conditions. Parameters of diabetic nephropathy and markers of ROS and inflammation were accelerated in diabetic MT-/- mice compared with diabetic MT+/+ mice, despite equivalent levels of hyperglycemia. MT deficiency accelerated interstitial fibrosis and macrophage infiltration into the interstitium in the diabetic kidney. Electron microscopy revealed abnormal mitochondrial morphology in proximal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic MT-/- mice. In vitro studies demonstrated that knockdown of MT by small interfering RNA enhanced mitochondrial ROS generation and inflammation-related gene expression in mProx24 cells cultured under high-glucose conditions. The results of this study suggest that MT may play a key role in protecting the kidney against high glucose-induced ROS and subsequent inflammation in diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume306
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

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Metallothionein
Diabetic Nephropathies
Streptozocin
Inflammation
Reactive Oxygen Species
Kidney
Epithelial Cells
Glucose
Oxidative Stress
Diabetes Complications
Hyperglycemia
Small Interfering RNA
Albumins
Cultured Cells
Electron Microscopy
Fibrosis
Antioxidants
Macrophages

Keywords

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Inflammation
  • Metallothionein
  • Oxidative stress
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

Cite this

Metallothionein deficiency exacerbates diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. / Tachibana, Hiromi; Ogawa, Daisuke; Sogawa, Norio; Asanuma, Masato; Miyazaki, Ikuko; Terami, Naoto; Hatanaka, Takashi; Horiguchi, Chikage Sato; Nakatsuka, Atsuko; Eguchi, Jun; Wada, Jun; Yamada, Hiroshi; Takei, Kohji; Makino, Hirofumi.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, Vol. 306, No. 1, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Miyazaki, Ikuko

AU - Terami, Naoto

AU - Hatanaka, Takashi

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