Metal-silicate partitioning of iodine at high pressures and temperatures

Implications for the Earth's core and 129*Xe budgets

Rosalind M G Armytage, Andrew P. Jephcoat, M. A. Bouhifd, Donald Porcelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The partition coefficients of iodine Dmet/sil between molten metal and molten silicate were investigated using a Laser Heated Diamond Anvil Cell (LHDAC) at pressures between 2 and 20GPa and at ~2800K. No pressure dependence of Dmet/sil was observed within this range, but the composition of the Fe-Ni alloy liquid phase was shown to have an effect. When the metallic liquid was alloyed with S, O and Si, there was an increase in iodine solubility in the metal. Iodine exhibited mildly siderophile behaviour across all the investigated conditions, with Dmet/sil=1.25±0.65 (2 s.d.) (Fe metal system) and Dmet/sil=4.33±1.41 (2 s.d.) (Fe-alloy). In conjunction with a revised bulk silicate Earth (BSE) concentration, it is calculated that the core could be a significant reservoir for iodine, with up to 82% of the bulk Earth's iodine budget in the core, depending on the light element content of the metal phase and the process of core formation. The composition of the metal phase appears to have a greater effect on the partitioning and sequestration of iodine than the style of core segregation.As the core likely formed while 129I was still extant, the core can also be a reservoir for radiogenic 129Xe from the decay system 129I-129Xe (T1/2=15.7Myr). Preliminary modelling indicates that the decay of 129I in the core has the potential to generate radiogenic 129Xe concentrations that are at least two orders of magnitude greater than what has been estimated for the depleted mantle. While this may have a significant impact on the isotopic signatures of the overlying mantle, it is not

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-149
Number of pages10
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume373
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Earth core
Silicates
iodine
Iodine
budgets
silicates
partitioning
silicate
Metals
Earth (planet)
metal
metals
Temperature
Earth mantle
mantle
diamond anvil cell
Diamond
liquid
Liquids
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Core formation
  • Iodine
  • Mantle xenon
  • Metal-silicate partitioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Metal-silicate partitioning of iodine at high pressures and temperatures : Implications for the Earth's core and 129*Xe budgets. / Armytage, Rosalind M G; Jephcoat, Andrew P.; Bouhifd, M. A.; Porcelli, Donald.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 373, 01.07.2013, p. 140-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Armytage, Rosalind M G ; Jephcoat, Andrew P. ; Bouhifd, M. A. ; Porcelli, Donald. / Metal-silicate partitioning of iodine at high pressures and temperatures : Implications for the Earth's core and 129*Xe budgets. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 373. pp. 140-149.
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abstract = "The partition coefficients of iodine Dmet/sil between molten metal and molten silicate were investigated using a Laser Heated Diamond Anvil Cell (LHDAC) at pressures between 2 and 20GPa and at ~2800K. No pressure dependence of Dmet/sil was observed within this range, but the composition of the Fe-Ni alloy liquid phase was shown to have an effect. When the metallic liquid was alloyed with S, O and Si, there was an increase in iodine solubility in the metal. Iodine exhibited mildly siderophile behaviour across all the investigated conditions, with Dmet/sil=1.25±0.65 (2 s.d.) (Fe metal system) and Dmet/sil=4.33±1.41 (2 s.d.) (Fe-alloy). In conjunction with a revised bulk silicate Earth (BSE) concentration, it is calculated that the core could be a significant reservoir for iodine, with up to 82{\%} of the bulk Earth's iodine budget in the core, depending on the light element content of the metal phase and the process of core formation. The composition of the metal phase appears to have a greater effect on the partitioning and sequestration of iodine than the style of core segregation.As the core likely formed while 129I was still extant, the core can also be a reservoir for radiogenic 129Xe from the decay system 129I-129Xe (T1/2=15.7Myr). Preliminary modelling indicates that the decay of 129I in the core has the potential to generate radiogenic 129Xe concentrations that are at least two orders of magnitude greater than what has been estimated for the depleted mantle. While this may have a significant impact on the isotopic signatures of the overlying mantle, it is not",
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