A series of oxicam non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been shown to be neuroprotective against 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway independent of cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition. The present study endeavored to establish this novel effect of meloxicam (MLX), an oxicam NSAID, in a mouse Parkinson's disease (PD) model using 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Male C57BL/6 mice, which received MPTP (30. mg/kg/day; s.c.) for 5 consecutive days (chronic model) with 10-day follow-up saline administrations, showed significant motor dysfunction in the pole test due to reduced tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein levels in the brain on day 16 after MPTP/saline treatment. Daily coadministrations of MLX (10. mg/kg/day; i.p.) and MPTP for the first 5 days and follow-up 10 days with MLX administrations alone (MPTP/MLX treatment) significantly ameliorated MPTP-induced behavioral abnormalities in mice. Concomitant decreases of TH protein levels in the striatum and midbrain of MPTP/MLX-treated mice were not only significantly (p< 0.01 and p< 0.05, respectively) ameliorated but phosphorylated Akt (pAkt473) expression in the midbrain was also significantly (p< 0.01) increased in the midbrain when compared with MPTP/saline-treated mice. These results suggest that MLX, an oxicam NSAID, attenuated dopaminergic neuronal death in the experimental MPTP-PD model by maintenance of the Akt-signaling. Oxicam NSAIDs may serve as potential drugs for PD treatment via a novel mechanism of action.
- 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Parkinson's disease (PD)
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