Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan

Noriyuki Kaku, Masahiko Nitta, Takashi Muguruma, Yuichiro Hirata, Kohei Tsukahara, Emily Knaup, Nobuyuki Nosaka, Yuki Enomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The deployment status of pediatric emergency equipment in ambulances in Japan is unknown. To investigate the status of and issues associated with prehospital emergency medical care for pediatric patients, we conducted a descriptive epidemiological study. We carried out a Web-based survey of 767 fire defense headquarters in Japan, of which 671 responded (valid response rate, 88%). Most of the fire defense headquarters equipped all of their ambulances with oxygen masks (82%), bag-valve masks (for neonates, 83%; for children, 84%), straight laryngoscope blades (for neonates, 47%; for children 68%), blood pressure cuffs for children (91%), oximeter probes (78%), and stiff neck collars (91%); but despite the need for other equipment such as nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal airways, and Magill forceps, they were insufficiently deployed. In Japan, prehospital emergency medical equipment deployment does not meet the needs of pediatric patients. Minimum equipment standards need to be established for pediatric prehospital care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-95
Number of pages3
JournalPediatrics International
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Japan
Emergencies
Pediatrics
Equipment and Supplies
Ambulances
Masks
Newborn Infant
Laryngoscopes
Emergency Medical Services
Surgical Instruments
Epidemiologic Studies
Neck
Oxygen
Blood Pressure

Keywords

  • emergency medical services
  • instrumentation
  • pediatrics
  • prehospital emergency care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan. / Kaku, Noriyuki; Nitta, Masahiko; Muguruma, Takashi; Hirata, Yuichiro; Tsukahara, Kohei; Knaup, Emily; Nosaka, Nobuyuki; Enomoto, Yuki.

In: Pediatrics International, Vol. 60, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 93-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kaku, N, Nitta, M, Muguruma, T, Hirata, Y, Tsukahara, K, Knaup, E, Nosaka, N & Enomoto, Y 2018, 'Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan', Pediatrics International, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 93-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/ped.13432
Kaku, Noriyuki ; Nitta, Masahiko ; Muguruma, Takashi ; Hirata, Yuichiro ; Tsukahara, Kohei ; Knaup, Emily ; Nosaka, Nobuyuki ; Enomoto, Yuki. / Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan. In: Pediatrics International. 2018 ; Vol. 60, No. 1. pp. 93-95.
@article{f0bc0f7cb5254c4b81625eb05c9dc5f6,
title = "Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan",
abstract = "The deployment status of pediatric emergency equipment in ambulances in Japan is unknown. To investigate the status of and issues associated with prehospital emergency medical care for pediatric patients, we conducted a descriptive epidemiological study. We carried out a Web-based survey of 767 fire defense headquarters in Japan, of which 671 responded (valid response rate, 88{\%}). Most of the fire defense headquarters equipped all of their ambulances with oxygen masks (82{\%}), bag-valve masks (for neonates, 83{\%}; for children, 84{\%}), straight laryngoscope blades (for neonates, 47{\%}; for children 68{\%}), blood pressure cuffs for children (91{\%}), oximeter probes (78{\%}), and stiff neck collars (91{\%}); but despite the need for other equipment such as nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal airways, and Magill forceps, they were insufficiently deployed. In Japan, prehospital emergency medical equipment deployment does not meet the needs of pediatric patients. Minimum equipment standards need to be established for pediatric prehospital care.",
keywords = "emergency medical services, instrumentation, pediatrics, prehospital emergency care",
author = "Noriyuki Kaku and Masahiko Nitta and Takashi Muguruma and Yuichiro Hirata and Kohei Tsukahara and Emily Knaup and Nobuyuki Nosaka and Yuki Enomoto",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/ped.13432",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "93--95",
journal = "Pediatrics International",
issn = "1328-8067",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan

AU - Kaku, Noriyuki

AU - Nitta, Masahiko

AU - Muguruma, Takashi

AU - Hirata, Yuichiro

AU - Tsukahara, Kohei

AU - Knaup, Emily

AU - Nosaka, Nobuyuki

AU - Enomoto, Yuki

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The deployment status of pediatric emergency equipment in ambulances in Japan is unknown. To investigate the status of and issues associated with prehospital emergency medical care for pediatric patients, we conducted a descriptive epidemiological study. We carried out a Web-based survey of 767 fire defense headquarters in Japan, of which 671 responded (valid response rate, 88%). Most of the fire defense headquarters equipped all of their ambulances with oxygen masks (82%), bag-valve masks (for neonates, 83%; for children, 84%), straight laryngoscope blades (for neonates, 47%; for children 68%), blood pressure cuffs for children (91%), oximeter probes (78%), and stiff neck collars (91%); but despite the need for other equipment such as nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal airways, and Magill forceps, they were insufficiently deployed. In Japan, prehospital emergency medical equipment deployment does not meet the needs of pediatric patients. Minimum equipment standards need to be established for pediatric prehospital care.

AB - The deployment status of pediatric emergency equipment in ambulances in Japan is unknown. To investigate the status of and issues associated with prehospital emergency medical care for pediatric patients, we conducted a descriptive epidemiological study. We carried out a Web-based survey of 767 fire defense headquarters in Japan, of which 671 responded (valid response rate, 88%). Most of the fire defense headquarters equipped all of their ambulances with oxygen masks (82%), bag-valve masks (for neonates, 83%; for children, 84%), straight laryngoscope blades (for neonates, 47%; for children 68%), blood pressure cuffs for children (91%), oximeter probes (78%), and stiff neck collars (91%); but despite the need for other equipment such as nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal airways, and Magill forceps, they were insufficiently deployed. In Japan, prehospital emergency medical equipment deployment does not meet the needs of pediatric patients. Minimum equipment standards need to be established for pediatric prehospital care.

KW - emergency medical services

KW - instrumentation

KW - pediatrics

KW - prehospital emergency care

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85040805989&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85040805989&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ped.13432

DO - 10.1111/ped.13432

M3 - Article

C2 - 29356286

AN - SCOPUS:85040805989

VL - 60

SP - 93

EP - 95

JO - Pediatrics International

JF - Pediatrics International

SN - 1328-8067

IS - 1

ER -