Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan

Noriyuki Kaku, Masahiko Nitta, Takashi Muguruma, Yuichiro Hirata, Kohei Tsukahara, Emily Knaup, Nobuyuki Nosaka, Yuki Enomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The deployment status of pediatric emergency equipment in ambulances in Japan is unknown. To investigate the status of and issues associated with prehospital emergency medical care for pediatric patients, we conducted a descriptive epidemiological study. We carried out a Web-based survey of 767 fire defense headquarters in Japan, of which 671 responded (valid response rate, 88%). Most of the fire defense headquarters equipped all of their ambulances with oxygen masks (82%), bag-valve masks (for neonates, 83%; for children, 84%), straight laryngoscope blades (for neonates, 47%; for children 68%), blood pressure cuffs for children (91%), oximeter probes (78%), and stiff neck collars (91%); but despite the need for other equipment such as nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal airways, and Magill forceps, they were insufficiently deployed. In Japan, prehospital emergency medical equipment deployment does not meet the needs of pediatric patients. Minimum equipment standards need to be established for pediatric prehospital care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-95
Number of pages3
JournalPediatrics International
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

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Keywords

  • emergency medical services
  • instrumentation
  • pediatrics
  • prehospital emergency care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Kaku, N., Nitta, M., Muguruma, T., Hirata, Y., Tsukahara, K., Knaup, E., Nosaka, N., & Enomoto, Y. (2018). Medical equipment deployment in pediatric emergency prehospital medical units in Japan. Pediatrics International, 60(1), 93-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/ped.13432