Les lésions de la racine postérieure du ménisque médial induisent une extrusion méniscale postérieure anormale en semi-flexion: étude en IRM ouverte

Translated title of the contribution: Medial meniscus posterior root tear induces pathological posterior extrusion of the meniscus in the knee-flexed position: An open magnetic resonance imaging analysis

S. Masuda, Takayuki Furumatsu, Y. Okazaki, Y. Kodama, T. Hino, Y. Kamatsuki, Shinichi Miyazawa, Toshihumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: A medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) is defined as an injury to the posterior meniscal insertion on the tibia. In MMPRT, the medial meniscus (MM) hoop function is damaged, and the MM undergoes a medial extrusion into the interior from the superior articular surface of the tibia. However, the details of MM position and movement during knee joint movement are unclear in MMPRT cases. The present study aims to evaluate MM position and movement via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the MM posterior extrusion (MMPE) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. We hypothesized that, during knee flexion, the MM will shift to the posterior and the posterior extrusion will increase compared to that when the knee is extended. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients were diagnosed with symptomatic MMPRT on open MRI examination. Preoperative MMPE, anteroposterior interval (API) of the MM, and MM medial extrusion (MMME) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90° were measured. Results: For patients with MMPRT, the MMPE increased from −4.77 ± 1.43 mm to 3.79 ± 1.17 mm (p < 0.001) when the knee flexion angle increased from 10° to 90°. Further, flexing the knee from 10° to 90° decreased the API of the MM from 20.19 ± 4.22 mm to 16.41 ± 5.14 mm (p < 0.001). MMME showed no significant change between knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. Discussion: This study demonstrated that, in cases of MMPRT, the MMPE clearly increases when the knee is flexed to 90° while MMME does not change. Our results suggest that open MRI examination can be used to evaluate the dynamic position of the posterior MM by scanning the knee as it flexes to 90°. Level of evidence: IV retrospective cohort study.

Original languageFrench
Number of pages1
JournalRevue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018

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Tibial Meniscus
Tears
Knee
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Meniscus
Tibia

Keywords

  • Extrusion
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Medial meniscus
  • Meniscus mobility
  • Root tear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

@article{be9e5405302e4eb7bb36900a22789aef,
title = "Les l{\'e}sions de la racine post{\'e}rieure du m{\'e}nisque m{\'e}dial induisent une extrusion m{\'e}niscale post{\'e}rieure anormale en semi-flexion: {\'e}tude en IRM ouverte",
abstract = "Background: A medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) is defined as an injury to the posterior meniscal insertion on the tibia. In MMPRT, the medial meniscus (MM) hoop function is damaged, and the MM undergoes a medial extrusion into the interior from the superior articular surface of the tibia. However, the details of MM position and movement during knee joint movement are unclear in MMPRT cases. The present study aims to evaluate MM position and movement via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the MM posterior extrusion (MMPE) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. We hypothesized that, during knee flexion, the MM will shift to the posterior and the posterior extrusion will increase compared to that when the knee is extended. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients were diagnosed with symptomatic MMPRT on open MRI examination. Preoperative MMPE, anteroposterior interval (API) of the MM, and MM medial extrusion (MMME) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90° were measured. Results: For patients with MMPRT, the MMPE increased from −4.77 ± 1.43 mm to 3.79 ± 1.17 mm (p < 0.001) when the knee flexion angle increased from 10° to 90°. Further, flexing the knee from 10° to 90° decreased the API of the MM from 20.19 ± 4.22 mm to 16.41 ± 5.14 mm (p < 0.001). MMME showed no significant change between knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. Discussion: This study demonstrated that, in cases of MMPRT, the MMPE clearly increases when the knee is flexed to 90° while MMME does not change. Our results suggest that open MRI examination can be used to evaluate the dynamic position of the posterior MM by scanning the knee as it flexes to 90°. Level of evidence: IV retrospective cohort study.",
keywords = "Extrusion, Magnetic resonance imaging, Medial meniscus, Meniscus mobility, Root tear",
author = "S. Masuda and Takayuki Furumatsu and Y. Okazaki and Y. Kodama and T. Hino and Y. Kamatsuki and Shinichi Miyazawa and Toshihumi Ozaki",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.rcot.2018.04.006",
language = "French",
volume = "104",
journal = "Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique",
issn = "1877-0517",
publisher = "Elsevier Masson",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Les lésions de la racine postérieure du ménisque médial induisent une extrusion méniscale postérieure anormale en semi-flexion

T2 - étude en IRM ouverte

AU - Masuda, S.

AU - Furumatsu, Takayuki

AU - Okazaki, Y.

AU - Kodama, Y.

AU - Hino, T.

AU - Kamatsuki, Y.

AU - Miyazawa, Shinichi

AU - Ozaki, Toshihumi

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - Background: A medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) is defined as an injury to the posterior meniscal insertion on the tibia. In MMPRT, the medial meniscus (MM) hoop function is damaged, and the MM undergoes a medial extrusion into the interior from the superior articular surface of the tibia. However, the details of MM position and movement during knee joint movement are unclear in MMPRT cases. The present study aims to evaluate MM position and movement via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the MM posterior extrusion (MMPE) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. We hypothesized that, during knee flexion, the MM will shift to the posterior and the posterior extrusion will increase compared to that when the knee is extended. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients were diagnosed with symptomatic MMPRT on open MRI examination. Preoperative MMPE, anteroposterior interval (API) of the MM, and MM medial extrusion (MMME) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90° were measured. Results: For patients with MMPRT, the MMPE increased from −4.77 ± 1.43 mm to 3.79 ± 1.17 mm (p < 0.001) when the knee flexion angle increased from 10° to 90°. Further, flexing the knee from 10° to 90° decreased the API of the MM from 20.19 ± 4.22 mm to 16.41 ± 5.14 mm (p < 0.001). MMME showed no significant change between knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. Discussion: This study demonstrated that, in cases of MMPRT, the MMPE clearly increases when the knee is flexed to 90° while MMME does not change. Our results suggest that open MRI examination can be used to evaluate the dynamic position of the posterior MM by scanning the knee as it flexes to 90°. Level of evidence: IV retrospective cohort study.

AB - Background: A medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) is defined as an injury to the posterior meniscal insertion on the tibia. In MMPRT, the medial meniscus (MM) hoop function is damaged, and the MM undergoes a medial extrusion into the interior from the superior articular surface of the tibia. However, the details of MM position and movement during knee joint movement are unclear in MMPRT cases. The present study aims to evaluate MM position and movement via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the MM posterior extrusion (MMPE) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. We hypothesized that, during knee flexion, the MM will shift to the posterior and the posterior extrusion will increase compared to that when the knee is extended. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients were diagnosed with symptomatic MMPRT on open MRI examination. Preoperative MMPE, anteroposterior interval (API) of the MM, and MM medial extrusion (MMME) at knee flexion angles of 10° and 90° were measured. Results: For patients with MMPRT, the MMPE increased from −4.77 ± 1.43 mm to 3.79 ± 1.17 mm (p < 0.001) when the knee flexion angle increased from 10° to 90°. Further, flexing the knee from 10° to 90° decreased the API of the MM from 20.19 ± 4.22 mm to 16.41 ± 5.14 mm (p < 0.001). MMME showed no significant change between knee flexion angles of 10° and 90°. Discussion: This study demonstrated that, in cases of MMPRT, the MMPE clearly increases when the knee is flexed to 90° while MMME does not change. Our results suggest that open MRI examination can be used to evaluate the dynamic position of the posterior MM by scanning the knee as it flexes to 90°. Level of evidence: IV retrospective cohort study.

KW - Extrusion

KW - Magnetic resonance imaging

KW - Medial meniscus

KW - Meniscus mobility

KW - Root tear

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DO - 10.1016/j.rcot.2018.04.006

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SN - 1877-0517

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