Background: Medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) causes medial meniscus extrusion (MME) and leads to subchondral insufficiency fracture of the knee (SIFK). However, the progression of SIFK after MMPRT pullout repair remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the progression of SIFK and compare clinical outcomes in patients with SIFK to those without SIFK after MMPRT pullout repair. We hypothesized that the progression of SIFK would be prevented by MMPRT pullout repair, and clinical outcomes would improve in all patients. Methods: The SIFK grade (1–4) was evaluated using T2-fat suppression magnetic resonance imaging. Thirty-eight patients without SIFK (n = 22) and with low-grade SIFK (1 and 2; n = 16) who underwent MMPRT pullout repair were included. Preoperative factors, such as the duration from injury to the time of magnetic resonance imaging/surgery (weeks), femorotibial angle (degree), MME (mm), and clinical outcomes were evaluated, as well as the progression of SIFK. Results: SIFK was identified in only 9 patients (grade 1) postoperatively. Significantly improved clinical outcomes were observed in all patients. Preoperative femorotibial angle, MME, and duration from injury to the time of magnetic resonance imaging/surgery were 177.1 ± 1.5°, 3.2 ± 1.6 mm, and 6.4 ± 7.0/10.1 ± 7.5 weeks, respectively. No significant difference in preoperative factors and clinical outcomes was observed between patients with SIFK and those without SIFK. Conclusions: MMPRT pullout repair prevented the progression of low-grade SIFK and improved clinical outcomes in all patients, although bone contusions (grade 1 SIFK) were not completely healed within 1 year. MMPRT pullout repair could be a good treatment option for optimizing clinical outcomes in patients with low-grade SIFK.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine