Medial meniscus posterior root repair influences sagittal length and coronal inclination of the anterior cruciate ligament: a retrospective study

Yuki Okazaki, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yuya Kodama, Takaaki Hiranaka, Keisuke Kintaka, Yusuke Kamatsuki, Toshihumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Medial meniscus (MM) posterior root tears (PRTs) lead to abnormal kinematic changes in the knee and may induce pathological external rotation of the tibia during knee flexion. This study aimed to investigate changes in the length and inclination of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) after MM posterior root repair using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: This retrospective study included 44 patients who underwent MM posterior root repair between 2016 and 2019. Clinical outcomes were evaluated before and after surgery. MRI examinations were performed at 10°/90° of knee flexion preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. The ACL length, proximal angle, and distal angle were determined using the sagittal view. MM extrusion and ACL inclination angle were determined using the coronal view. Results: Clinical outcomes significantly improved 1 year after surgery. The postoperative ACL length (29.7 ± 2.4 mm) and proximal angle (47.0 ± 7.4°) at 90° of knee flexion decreased relative to the preoperative values (31.5 ± 2.3 mm and 51.8 ± 8.7°, P < 0.01). The postoperative ACL inclination (64.9 ± 5.6°) at 10° of knee flexion decreased relative to the preoperative value (69.7 ± 5.6°, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Pathologically-stretched linear ACL at 90° of knee flexion and a steep ACL inclination at 10° of knee flexion could be reduced after MM posterior root repair. This suggests that pullout repair could restore MM function as a secondary stabilizer, thereby preventing meniscal and cartilage degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Coronal inclination
  • Knee kinematics
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Medial meniscus
  • Posterior root tear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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