Medial meniscus posterior root repair decreases posteromedial extrusion of the medial meniscus during knee flexion

Yuki Okazaki, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yoshiki Okazaki, Shin Masuda, Takaaki Hiranaka, Yuya Kodama, Yusuke Kamatsuki, Shinichi Miyazawa, Tomonori Tetsunaga, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Medial meniscus (MM) medial extrusion in the coronal plane does not always improve, even after repair. This study aimed to determine the extent of posteromedial extrusion of the MM during knee flexion before and after MM pullout repair using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: Data from 14 patients (mean age, 63.4 years; 86% female) who had undergone MM pullout repair at the current institution between August 2017 and October 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The MRIs were performed pre-operatively and ≥ 3 months postoperatively. Three-dimensional MRIs of the tibial surface and MM were evaluated using Tsukada's measurement method before and after pullout repair. The expected center of MM posterior root attachment (point A), the point on the extruded edge of the MM farthest away from point A (point E), and the point of intersection of a line through the posteromedial corner of the medial tibial plateau and a line connecting points A and E (point I) were identified. Subsequently, the pre-operative and postoperative AE and IE distances were calculated and compared. Results: Point E was laterally shifted by the pullout repair, whereas point I showed no significant change. The postoperative IE distance (6.7 mm) was significantly shorter than the pre-operative one (9.1 mm, P < 0.01). The postoperative AE distance (29.3 mm) was significantly shorter than the pre-operative one (31.5 mm, P < 0.01). Conclusions: The AE and IE distances significantly decreased after MM posterior root repair, suggesting that transtibial pullout repair may be useful in reducing posteromedial extrusion of the MM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
JournalKnee
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Medial meniscus
  • Meniscus extrusion
  • Posterior root tear
  • Three-dimensional assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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