Mechanochemical effect on low temperature synthesis of AlN by direct nitridation method

Yoshikazu Kameshima, Masaki Irie, Atsuo Yasumori, Kiyoshi Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effect of mechanochemical treatment on low temperature synthesis of AlN from Al metal in N2 atmosphere was investigated. The Al powder, of 20-μm particle size, was dry milled using a planetary ball mill. Since Al powder is soft and malleable, the particle size tended to increase due to adhesion of the original particles during grinding. On the other hand, effective grinding was achieved by adding LiOH.H2O, which is thought to cover the surfaces of Al powder and suppress the adhesion. Samples containing 0.5 mass% Li in Li/(Li+Al) were ground for various times up to 6 h, then nitrided for 1 h at various temperatures. AlN formation in these samples began at 570-640 °C, much lower than without LiOH.H 2O, indicating the accelerating effect of the added LiOH·H2O. The conversion temperature was lowest in the sample ground for 1 h. This sample (mechano-sample) also showed a higher AlN conversion rate than the other samples, being almost completely converted at 580 °C. The mechanochemical treatment is found to be very effective for synthesizing AlN powder at very low temperatures (below the melting point of Al metal). It is thought to facilitate the formation of lithium aluminate on the surface of the Al metal particles, enhancing the diffusion of nitrogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-190
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume172
Issue number1-4 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 31 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nitridation
Powders
Metals
synthesis
Adhesion
Particle size
grinding
Temperature
Ball mills
adhesion
Melting point
Lithium
Nitrogen
metal particles
metals
melting points
balls
lithium
nitrogen
atmospheres

Keywords

  • Aluminum nitride
  • Direct nitridation
  • Li-salt additives
  • Low temperature synthesis
  • Mechanochemical effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Mechanochemical effect on low temperature synthesis of AlN by direct nitridation method. / Kameshima, Yoshikazu; Irie, Masaki; Yasumori, Atsuo; Okada, Kiyoshi.

In: Solid State Ionics, Vol. 172, No. 1-4 SPEC. ISS., 31.08.2004, p. 185-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kameshima, Yoshikazu ; Irie, Masaki ; Yasumori, Atsuo ; Okada, Kiyoshi. / Mechanochemical effect on low temperature synthesis of AlN by direct nitridation method. In: Solid State Ionics. 2004 ; Vol. 172, No. 1-4 SPEC. ISS. pp. 185-190.
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