Mechanism of osteogenic induction by FK506 via BMP/Smad pathways

Fumitaka Kugimiya, Fumiko Yano, Shinsuke Ohba, Kazuyo Igawa, Kozo Nakamura, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Ung Il Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


FK506 is an immunosuppressant that exerts effects by binding to FK506-binding protein 12 (FKBP12). Recently, FK506 has also been reported to promote osteogenic differentiation when administered locally or in vitro in combination with bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), although the underlying mechanism remains unclarified. The present study initially showed that FK506 alone at a higher concentration (1 μM) induced osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal cell lines, which was suppressed by adenoviral introduction of Smad6. FK506 rapidly activates the BMP-dependent Smads in the absence of BMPs, and the activation was blocked by Smad6. Overexpression of FKBP12, which was reported to block the ligand-independent activation of BMP type I receptor A (BMPRIA), suppressed Smad signaling induced by FK506, but not that induced by BMP2. BMPRIA and FKBP12 bound to each other, and this binding was suppressed by FK506. These data suggest that FK506 promotes osteogenic differentiation by activating BMP receptors through interacting with FKBP12.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)872-879
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • BMP
  • FK506
  • FKBP12
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteogenic differentiation
  • Smad

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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