Mechanism of BPh3-Catalyzed N-Methylation of Amines with CO2 and Phenylsilane: Cooperative Activation of Hydrosilane

Manussada Ratanasak, Takumi Murata, Taishin Adachi, Jun ya Hasegawa, Tadashi Ema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BPh3 catalyzes the N-methylation of secondary amines and the C-methylenation (methylene-bridge formation between aromatic rings) of N,N-dimethylanilines or 1-methylindoles in the presence of CO2 and PhSiH3; these reactions proceed at 30–40 °C under solvent-free conditions. In contrast, B(C6F5)3 shows little or no activity. 11B NMR spectra suggested the generation of [HBPh3]. The detailed mechanism of the BPh3-catalyzed N-methylation of N-methylaniline (1) with CO2 and PhSiH3 was studied by using DFT calculations. BPh3 promotes the conversion of two substrates (N-methylaniline and CO2) into a zwitterionic carbamate to give three-component species [Ph(Me)(H)N+CO2⋅⋅⋅BPh3]. The carbamate and BPh3 act as the nucleophile and Lewis acid, respectively, for the activation of PhSiH3 to generate [HBPh3], which is used to produce key CO2-derived species, such as silyl formate and bis(silyl)acetal, essential for the N-methylation of 1. DFT calculations also suggested other mechanisms involving water for the generation of [HBPh3] species.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • boranes
  • carbon dioxide fixation
  • density functional calculations
  • hydrosilylation
  • organocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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