It has been demonstrated that lipase is useful not only for kinetic resolution but also for the rapid determination of absolute configurations. We have previously proposed a mechanism represented by transition-state models to rationalize the enantioselectivity in the lipase- and subtilisin-catalyzed kinetic resolutions of secondary alcohols. The mechanism indicates that the enzyme-catalyzed reactions can be used as a tool for determining the absolute stereochemistry of secondary alcohols. In order to increase reliability, the enzymatic method was combined with Mosher's method using MTPA, to give a protocol which is named the double-confirmation method. The absolute configurations of six 1-substituted ethanols were determined consistently by this new procedure. The enzymatic method is quick, easy, economical, and reliable. An interesting similarity in conformation between the transition-state models and MTPA esters is also described.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry