Mechanical stretch stimulates integrin αVβ3-mediated collagen expression in human anterior cruciate ligament cells

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomechanical stimuli have fundamental roles in the maintenance and remodeling of ligaments including collagen gene expressions. Mechanical stretching signals are mainly transduced by cell adhesion molecules such as integrins. However, the relationships between stress-induced collagen expressions and integrin-mediated cellular behaviors are still unclear in anterior cruciate ligament cells. Here, we focused on the stretch-related responses of different cells derived from the ligament-to-bone interface and midsubstance regions of human anterior cruciate ligaments. Chondroblastic interface cells easily lost their potential to produce collagen genes in non-stretched conditions, rather than fibroblastic midsubstance cells. Uni-axial mechanical stretches increased the type I collagen gene expression of interface and midsubstance cells up to 14- and 6-fold levels of each non-stretched control, respectively. Mechanical stretches also activated the stress fiber formation by shifting the distribution of integrin αVβ3 to the peripheral edges in both interface and midsubstance cells. In addition, integrin αVβ3 colocalized with phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase in stretched cells. Functional blocking analyses using anti-integrin antibodies revealed that the stretch-activated collagen gene expressions on fibronectin were dependent on integrin αVβ3-mediated cellular adhesions in the interface and midsubstance cells. These findings suggest that the integrin αVβ3-mediated stretch signal transduction might have a key role to stimulate collagen gene expression in human anterior cruciate ligament, especially in the ligament-to-bone interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2097-2103
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume42
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 18 2009

Fingerprint

Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Ligaments
Collagen
Integrins
Gene expression
Gene Expression
Bone
Adhesion
Signal transduction
Cell adhesion
Bone and Bones
Antibodies
Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Stress Fibers
Stretching
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Collagen Type I
Genes
Fibronectins
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Collagen
  • Integrin αVβ3
  • Interface
  • Mechanical stretch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Mechanical stretch stimulates integrin αVβ3-mediated collagen expression in human anterior cruciate ligament cells",
abstract = "Biomechanical stimuli have fundamental roles in the maintenance and remodeling of ligaments including collagen gene expressions. Mechanical stretching signals are mainly transduced by cell adhesion molecules such as integrins. However, the relationships between stress-induced collagen expressions and integrin-mediated cellular behaviors are still unclear in anterior cruciate ligament cells. Here, we focused on the stretch-related responses of different cells derived from the ligament-to-bone interface and midsubstance regions of human anterior cruciate ligaments. Chondroblastic interface cells easily lost their potential to produce collagen genes in non-stretched conditions, rather than fibroblastic midsubstance cells. Uni-axial mechanical stretches increased the type I collagen gene expression of interface and midsubstance cells up to 14- and 6-fold levels of each non-stretched control, respectively. Mechanical stretches also activated the stress fiber formation by shifting the distribution of integrin αVβ3 to the peripheral edges in both interface and midsubstance cells. In addition, integrin αVβ3 colocalized with phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase in stretched cells. Functional blocking analyses using anti-integrin antibodies revealed that the stretch-activated collagen gene expressions on fibronectin were dependent on integrin αVβ3-mediated cellular adhesions in the interface and midsubstance cells. These findings suggest that the integrin αVβ3-mediated stretch signal transduction might have a key role to stimulate collagen gene expression in human anterior cruciate ligament, especially in the ligament-to-bone interface.",
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author = "Tomonori Tetsunaga and Takayuki Furumatsu and Nobuhiro Abe and Keiichiro Nishida and Keiji Naruse and Toshihumi Ozaki",
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AU - Tetsunaga, Tomonori

AU - Furumatsu, Takayuki

AU - Abe, Nobuhiro

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AU - Naruse, Keiji

AU - Ozaki, Toshihumi

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N2 - Biomechanical stimuli have fundamental roles in the maintenance and remodeling of ligaments including collagen gene expressions. Mechanical stretching signals are mainly transduced by cell adhesion molecules such as integrins. However, the relationships between stress-induced collagen expressions and integrin-mediated cellular behaviors are still unclear in anterior cruciate ligament cells. Here, we focused on the stretch-related responses of different cells derived from the ligament-to-bone interface and midsubstance regions of human anterior cruciate ligaments. Chondroblastic interface cells easily lost their potential to produce collagen genes in non-stretched conditions, rather than fibroblastic midsubstance cells. Uni-axial mechanical stretches increased the type I collagen gene expression of interface and midsubstance cells up to 14- and 6-fold levels of each non-stretched control, respectively. Mechanical stretches also activated the stress fiber formation by shifting the distribution of integrin αVβ3 to the peripheral edges in both interface and midsubstance cells. In addition, integrin αVβ3 colocalized with phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase in stretched cells. Functional blocking analyses using anti-integrin antibodies revealed that the stretch-activated collagen gene expressions on fibronectin were dependent on integrin αVβ3-mediated cellular adhesions in the interface and midsubstance cells. These findings suggest that the integrin αVβ3-mediated stretch signal transduction might have a key role to stimulate collagen gene expression in human anterior cruciate ligament, especially in the ligament-to-bone interface.

AB - Biomechanical stimuli have fundamental roles in the maintenance and remodeling of ligaments including collagen gene expressions. Mechanical stretching signals are mainly transduced by cell adhesion molecules such as integrins. However, the relationships between stress-induced collagen expressions and integrin-mediated cellular behaviors are still unclear in anterior cruciate ligament cells. Here, we focused on the stretch-related responses of different cells derived from the ligament-to-bone interface and midsubstance regions of human anterior cruciate ligaments. Chondroblastic interface cells easily lost their potential to produce collagen genes in non-stretched conditions, rather than fibroblastic midsubstance cells. Uni-axial mechanical stretches increased the type I collagen gene expression of interface and midsubstance cells up to 14- and 6-fold levels of each non-stretched control, respectively. Mechanical stretches also activated the stress fiber formation by shifting the distribution of integrin αVβ3 to the peripheral edges in both interface and midsubstance cells. In addition, integrin αVβ3 colocalized with phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase in stretched cells. Functional blocking analyses using anti-integrin antibodies revealed that the stretch-activated collagen gene expressions on fibronectin were dependent on integrin αVβ3-mediated cellular adhesions in the interface and midsubstance cells. These findings suggest that the integrin αVβ3-mediated stretch signal transduction might have a key role to stimulate collagen gene expression in human anterior cruciate ligament, especially in the ligament-to-bone interface.

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