Meat-eating enhances larval development of Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), which breeds in bird nests

Yozo Koshiyama, Ryo Miyata, Takahisa Miyatake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The scarab beetle Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister breeds in the nests of carnivorous birds including the honey buzzard Pernis apivorus (Linnaeus), Chinese goshawk Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield), oriental stork Ciconia boyciana Swinhoe and great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo (Linnaeus). Although larvae of the beetle probably feed on animal matter (e.g. remnants of birds' food) in the nests of these birds, the effect of eating flesh on the growth of larvae has not been investigated. Laboratory experiments clearly showed that the development was faster, survival rate higher and body heavier just before pupation in larvae fed dried chicken meat with humus soil than in those fed only humus soil. We also investigated feeding behaviors of larvae of the beetle. A piece of chicken meat placed on the surface of humus soil was pulled under the soil by the larva, mostly at night. Video recordings made during the night showed that larvae came to the humus soil surface and ate the dried chicken meat or tried to take the meat under the soil. Our laboratory observations suggest that larvae in nature stay under the humus accumulated in bird nests during the daytime, and then come up to the surface mostly at night to actively seek and eat remnants of the birds' food.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
JournalEntomological Science
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Scarabaeidae
larval development
humus
meat
nest
nests
ingestion
Coleoptera
bird
larva
chicken meat
breeds
Pernis apivorus
larvae
birds
Phalacrocorax carbo
beetle
insect larvae
soil
Accipiter

Keywords

  • Accipiter soloensis
  • Carnivore
  • Ciconia boyciana
  • Feeding behavior
  • Larval development
  • Pernis apivorus
  • Phalacrocorax carbo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

Cite this

Meat-eating enhances larval development of Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae), which breeds in bird nests. / Koshiyama, Yozo; Miyata, Ryo; Miyatake, Takahisa.

In: Entomological Science, Vol. 15, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 23-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e2095be81c8d45a8905089ea40de9a7e,
title = "Meat-eating enhances larval development of Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), which breeds in bird nests",
abstract = "The scarab beetle Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister breeds in the nests of carnivorous birds including the honey buzzard Pernis apivorus (Linnaeus), Chinese goshawk Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield), oriental stork Ciconia boyciana Swinhoe and great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo (Linnaeus). Although larvae of the beetle probably feed on animal matter (e.g. remnants of birds' food) in the nests of these birds, the effect of eating flesh on the growth of larvae has not been investigated. Laboratory experiments clearly showed that the development was faster, survival rate higher and body heavier just before pupation in larvae fed dried chicken meat with humus soil than in those fed only humus soil. We also investigated feeding behaviors of larvae of the beetle. A piece of chicken meat placed on the surface of humus soil was pulled under the soil by the larva, mostly at night. Video recordings made during the night showed that larvae came to the humus soil surface and ate the dried chicken meat or tried to take the meat under the soil. Our laboratory observations suggest that larvae in nature stay under the humus accumulated in bird nests during the daytime, and then come up to the surface mostly at night to actively seek and eat remnants of the birds' food.",
keywords = "Accipiter soloensis, Carnivore, Ciconia boyciana, Feeding behavior, Larval development, Pernis apivorus, Phalacrocorax carbo",
author = "Yozo Koshiyama and Ryo Miyata and Takahisa Miyatake",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1479-8298.2011.00470.x",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "23--27",
journal = "Entomological Science",
issn = "1343-8786",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Meat-eating enhances larval development of Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister (Coleoptera

T2 - Scarabaeidae), which breeds in bird nests

AU - Koshiyama, Yozo

AU - Miyata, Ryo

AU - Miyatake, Takahisa

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - The scarab beetle Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister breeds in the nests of carnivorous birds including the honey buzzard Pernis apivorus (Linnaeus), Chinese goshawk Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield), oriental stork Ciconia boyciana Swinhoe and great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo (Linnaeus). Although larvae of the beetle probably feed on animal matter (e.g. remnants of birds' food) in the nests of these birds, the effect of eating flesh on the growth of larvae has not been investigated. Laboratory experiments clearly showed that the development was faster, survival rate higher and body heavier just before pupation in larvae fed dried chicken meat with humus soil than in those fed only humus soil. We also investigated feeding behaviors of larvae of the beetle. A piece of chicken meat placed on the surface of humus soil was pulled under the soil by the larva, mostly at night. Video recordings made during the night showed that larvae came to the humus soil surface and ate the dried chicken meat or tried to take the meat under the soil. Our laboratory observations suggest that larvae in nature stay under the humus accumulated in bird nests during the daytime, and then come up to the surface mostly at night to actively seek and eat remnants of the birds' food.

AB - The scarab beetle Anthracophora rusticola Burmeister breeds in the nests of carnivorous birds including the honey buzzard Pernis apivorus (Linnaeus), Chinese goshawk Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield), oriental stork Ciconia boyciana Swinhoe and great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo (Linnaeus). Although larvae of the beetle probably feed on animal matter (e.g. remnants of birds' food) in the nests of these birds, the effect of eating flesh on the growth of larvae has not been investigated. Laboratory experiments clearly showed that the development was faster, survival rate higher and body heavier just before pupation in larvae fed dried chicken meat with humus soil than in those fed only humus soil. We also investigated feeding behaviors of larvae of the beetle. A piece of chicken meat placed on the surface of humus soil was pulled under the soil by the larva, mostly at night. Video recordings made during the night showed that larvae came to the humus soil surface and ate the dried chicken meat or tried to take the meat under the soil. Our laboratory observations suggest that larvae in nature stay under the humus accumulated in bird nests during the daytime, and then come up to the surface mostly at night to actively seek and eat remnants of the birds' food.

KW - Accipiter soloensis

KW - Carnivore

KW - Ciconia boyciana

KW - Feeding behavior

KW - Larval development

KW - Pernis apivorus

KW - Phalacrocorax carbo

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84355163042&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84355163042&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1479-8298.2011.00470.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1479-8298.2011.00470.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84355163042

VL - 15

SP - 23

EP - 27

JO - Entomological Science

JF - Entomological Science

SN - 1343-8786

IS - 1

ER -