Measuring visual axis as an independent variable from a fixation distance

Takehito Hayami, Kazunori Shidoji, Katsuya Matsunaga, Shuhei Horimoto, Hayato Matsugashita

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Our pilot study suggested that while fixating on a stationary object binocularly, each line of sight of the two eyes does not always go directly toward the object. Therefore, we experimentally investigated the amount the displacement of the pupil center while fixation point was changed transversally. The subjects were instructed to fixate on three targets arranged horizontally with intervals of nine degrees. The distance from the subject to the targets was any of 0.5 m, 1.0 m and 1.5 m. A significant difference of the amount of the displacement of the pupil center was observed relative to the fixation distance. The positions of the node of the line of sight, which provide no relationship between the fixation distance and the pupil center displacement, were calculated. The node of the line of sight of the non-dominant eye was nearer to the fixation panels than that of the dominant eye. Considering this, such a node would be effective for the precise measurement of gazing point.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
EditorsA. El Kamel, K. Mellouli, P. Borne
Pages52-57
Number of pages6
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event2002 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - Yasmine Hammamet, Tunisia
Duration: Oct 6 2002Oct 9 2002

Other

Other2002 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
CountryTunisia
CityYasmine Hammamet
Period10/6/0210/9/02

Keywords

  • Binocular vision
  • Depth perception
  • Eye dominance
  • Eye-tracker
  • Human computer interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Hayami, T., Shidoji, K., Matsunaga, K., Horimoto, S., & Matsugashita, H. (2002). Measuring visual axis as an independent variable from a fixation distance. In A. El Kamel, K. Mellouli, & P. Borne (Eds.), Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (Vol. 6, pp. 52-57)