Measurement of neutrino-oxygen neutral-current quasi-elastic cross section using atmospheric neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande

L. Wan, K. Abe, C. Bronner, Y. Hayato, M. Ikeda, K. Iyogi, J. Kameda, Y. Kato, Y. Kishimoto, Ll Marti, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, T. Mochizuki, M. Nakahata, Y. Nakajima, Y. Nakano, S. Nakayama, T. Okada, K. Okamoto, A. OriiG. Pronost, H. Sekiya, M. Shiozawa, Y. Sonoda, A. Takeda, A. Takenaka, H. Tanaka, T. Yano, R. Akutsu, T. Kajita, Y. Nishimura, K. Okumura, R. Wang, J. Xia, L. Labarga, P. Fernandez, F. D.M. Blaszczyk, C. Kachulis, E. Kearns, J. L. Raaf, J. L. Stone, S. Sussman, S. Berkman, J. Bian, N. J. Griskevich, W. R. Kropp, S. Locke, S. Mine, P. Weatherly, M. B. Smy, H. W. Sobel, V. Takhistov, K. S. Ganezer, J. Hill, J. Y. Kim, I. T. Lim, R. G. Park, B. Bodur, K. Scholberg, C. W. Walter, M. Gonin, J. Imber, Th A. Mueller, T. Ishizuka, T. Nakamura, J. S. Jang, K. Choi, J. G. Learned, S. Matsuno, R. P. Litchfield, Y. Uchida, M. O. Wascko, N. F. Calabria, M. G. Catanesi, R. A. Intonti, E. Radicioni, G. de Rosa, A. Ali, G. Collazuol, F. Iacob, L. Ludovici, S. Cao, M. Friend, T. Hasegawa, T. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, T. Nakadaira, K. Nakamura, Y. Oyama, K. Sakashita, T. Sekiguchi, T. Tsukamoto, K. E. Abe, M. Hasegawa, Y. Isobe, H. Miyabe, T. Sugimoto, A. T. Suzuki, Y. Takeuchi, Y. Ashida, T. Hayashino, S. Hirota, M. Jiang, T. Kikawa, M. Mori, K. E. Nakamura, T. Nakaya, R. A. Wendell, L. H.V. Anthony, N. McCauley, A. Pritchard, K. M. Tsui, Y. Fukuda, Y. Itow, M. Murrase, P. Mijakowski, K. Frankiewicz, C. K. Jung, X. Li, J. L. Palomino, G. Santucci, C. Vilela, M. J. Wilking, C. Yanagisawa, D. Fukuda, K. Hagiwara, H. Ishino, Shintaro Ito, Y. Koshio, Makoto Sakuda, Y. Takahira, C. Xu, Y. Kuno, C. Simpson, D. Wark, F. Di Lodovico, B. Richards, S. Molina Sedgwick, R. Tacik, S. B. Kim, M. Thiesse, L. Thompson, H. Okazawa, Y. Choi, K. Nishijima, M. Koshiba, M. Yokoyama, A. Goldsack, K. Martens, M. Murdoch, B. Quilain, Y. Suzuki, M. R. Vagins, M. Kuze, Y. Okajima, T. Yoshida, M. Ishitsuka, J. F. Martin, C. M. Nantais, H. A. Tanaka, T. Towstego, M. Hartz, A. Konaka, P. de Perio, S. Chen, A. Minamino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neutral current (NC) interactions of atmospheric neutrinos on oxygen form one of the major backgrounds in the search for supernova relic neutrinos with water-based Cherenkov detectors. The NC channel is dominated by neutrino quasi-elastic (NCQE) scattering off nucleons inside 16O nuclei. In this paper we report the first measurement of NCQE cross section using atmospheric neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande (SK). The measurement used 2,778 live days of SK-IV data with a fiducial volume of 22.5 kiloton water. Within the visible energy window of 7.5-29.5 MeV, we observed 117 events compared to the expected 71.9 NCQE signal and 53.1 background events. Weighted by the atmospheric neutrino spectrum from 160 MeV to 10 GeV, the flux averaged NCQE cross section is measured to be (1.01 ± 0.17(stat.)+0−0..7830(sys.)) × 10−38 cm2.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - Jan 16 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Measurement of neutrino-oxygen neutral-current quasi-elastic cross section using atmospheric neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this