Measurement of electron correlations in Lix CoO2 (x=0.0-0.35) using C 59 o nuclear magnetic resonance and nuclear quadrupole resonance techniques

Shinji Kawasaki, T. Motohashi, K. Shimada, T. Ono, R. Kanno, M. Karppinen, H. Yamauchi, Guo-Qing Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CoO2 is the parent compound for the superconductor Nax CoO2 1.3 H2 O and was widely believed to be a Mott insulator. We performed C 59 o nuclear magnetic resonance and nuclear quadrupole resonance studies on Lix CoO2 (x=0.35, 0.25, 0.12, and 0.0) to uncover the electronic state and spin correlations in this series of compounds which was recently obtained through electrochemical deintercalation of Li from pristine LiCoO2. We find that although the antiferromagnetic spin correlations systematically increase with decreasing Li content (x), the end member, CoO2, is a noncorrelated metal that well satisfies the Korringa relation for a Fermi liquid. Thus, CoO2 is not simply located at the limit of x→0 for Ax CoO2 (A=Li,Na) compounds. The disappearance of the electron correlations in CoO2 is due to the three dimensionality of the compound which is in contrast to the highly two-dimensional structure of Ax CoO2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number220514
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume79
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 24 2009

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Nuclear quadrupole resonance
Fermi liquids
Electron correlations
nuclear quadrupole resonance
Electronic states
Superconducting materials
Metals
Nuclear magnetic resonance
nuclear magnetic resonance
electrons
insulators
electronics
metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Measurement of electron correlations in Lix CoO2 (x=0.0-0.35) using C 59 o nuclear magnetic resonance and nuclear quadrupole resonance techniques. / Kawasaki, Shinji; Motohashi, T.; Shimada, K.; Ono, T.; Kanno, R.; Karppinen, M.; Yamauchi, H.; Zheng, Guo-Qing.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 79, No. 22, 220514, 24.06.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kawasaki, Shinji

AU - Motohashi, T.

AU - Shimada, K.

AU - Ono, T.

AU - Kanno, R.

AU - Karppinen, M.

AU - Yamauchi, H.

AU - Zheng, Guo-Qing

PY - 2009/6/24

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N2 - CoO2 is the parent compound for the superconductor Nax CoO2 1.3 H2 O and was widely believed to be a Mott insulator. We performed C 59 o nuclear magnetic resonance and nuclear quadrupole resonance studies on Lix CoO2 (x=0.35, 0.25, 0.12, and 0.0) to uncover the electronic state and spin correlations in this series of compounds which was recently obtained through electrochemical deintercalation of Li from pristine LiCoO2. We find that although the antiferromagnetic spin correlations systematically increase with decreasing Li content (x), the end member, CoO2, is a noncorrelated metal that well satisfies the Korringa relation for a Fermi liquid. Thus, CoO2 is not simply located at the limit of x→0 for Ax CoO2 (A=Li,Na) compounds. The disappearance of the electron correlations in CoO2 is due to the three dimensionality of the compound which is in contrast to the highly two-dimensional structure of Ax CoO2.

AB - CoO2 is the parent compound for the superconductor Nax CoO2 1.3 H2 O and was widely believed to be a Mott insulator. We performed C 59 o nuclear magnetic resonance and nuclear quadrupole resonance studies on Lix CoO2 (x=0.35, 0.25, 0.12, and 0.0) to uncover the electronic state and spin correlations in this series of compounds which was recently obtained through electrochemical deintercalation of Li from pristine LiCoO2. We find that although the antiferromagnetic spin correlations systematically increase with decreasing Li content (x), the end member, CoO2, is a noncorrelated metal that well satisfies the Korringa relation for a Fermi liquid. Thus, CoO2 is not simply located at the limit of x→0 for Ax CoO2 (A=Li,Na) compounds. The disappearance of the electron correlations in CoO2 is due to the three dimensionality of the compound which is in contrast to the highly two-dimensional structure of Ax CoO2.

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