Background Paraplegia is a serious complication of operations on the thoracic and thoracoabdominal aorta. To investigate the mechanism by which motor neurons are damaged during these operations, we have reported a rabbit model of spinal cord ischemia. We also tested whether a free radical scavenger MCI-186 that is useful for treating ischemic damage in the brain can protect against ischemic spinal cord damage. Methods Fifteen minutes of ischemia was induced, then MCI-186 or vehicle was injected intravenously. Cell damage was analyzed by observing the function of the lower limbs and by counting the number of motor neurons. To investigate the mechanism by which MCI-186 prevents ischemic spinal cord damage, we observed the immunoreactivity of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine as an oxidative DNA damage marker and redox effector as a DNA repair marker. Results In sham control, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine was not observed, and the nuclear expression of redox effector was observed. In vehicle injection group (group I), the nuclear expression of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine was observed at 1 and 2 days after reperfusion. The nuclear expression of redox effector was observed at 8 hours and 1 day, and disappeared at 2 days after transient ischemia. In MCI-186 injection group (group M), the nuclear expression of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine was not observed, and redox effector was observed at 8 hours and 1 and 2 days. Conclusions These results suggest that redox effector decreased in motor neurons after transient ischemia and this reduction preceded oxidative DNA damage. MCI-186 works as a radical scavenger and reduced oxidative DNA damage, so redox effector did not disappear. MCI-186 could be a strong candidate for a use as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of ischemic spinal cord injury.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine