Maxillofacial morphological characteristics in growing orthodontic patients with non-syndromic oligodontia

Taiki Suyama, Hiroyuki Ishikawa, Sachio Tamaoki, Remi Higa, Shunsuke Takata, Yoshihiko Sawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Patients with oligodontia frequently show different types of malocclusions. However, how oligodontia affects the maxillofacial growth remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the maxillofacial morphological characteristics in growing patients with oligodontia. Setting and Sample Population: The study subjects included 33 Japanese children with non-syndromic oligodontia (14 boys and 19 girls; mean age: 10.2 years) who visited the orthodontic clinic of Fukuoka Dental College Medical and Dental Hospital from 1999 to 2019. Materials and Methods: Cephalometric analyses were performed, and the variables measured in each subject were converted into Z scores in relation to the mean and standard deviation of the Japanese norms matched for growth stage. The one-sample t-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test was performed to compare the mean scores in the patients with oligodontia with those of the Japanese norms. Results: Compared with the Japanese norms, patients with oligodontia showed a smaller convexity and larger A-B plane and SNB angles. The Frankfort-mandibular plane and gonial angles were smaller, whereas the height of the ramus was larger. The vertical height of the alveolar bone in the maxillary and mandibular incisors and molar areas was smaller in patients with oligodontia. Conclusions: Patients with oligodontia showed Class III skeletal tendency with mandibular prognathism and flattened mandibular plane with a smaller gonial angle. These maxillofacial morphological features can be induced by a deficiency in the vertical growth of the alveolar bone in the maxillary and mandibular molar areas due to the lack of tooth germs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrthodontics and Craniofacial Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cephalometric analysis
  • congenitally missing teeth
  • maxillofacial growth
  • oligodontia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics
  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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