Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls

Seiji Iida, Stefan Hassfeld, Tobias Reuther, Hans Gert Schweigert, Claudia Haag, Johannes Klein, Joachim Mühling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study was performed to clarify the characteristics of facial fractures caused by falls with a particular focus on aetiology. Patients: Of 505 patients with facial fractures treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial/Craniofacial Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital from January 1997 to May 2001, 129 patients injured by falls were analysed. Study design: Aetiological analysis was performed according to falling patterns. Results: The distribution of age showed two peaks in the 4th and 8th decades, and the male to female ratio was 1.1:1, unlike the overall facial fracture ratio of 3:1. Seventy-six patients had fallen from standing height or less and 44 patients had fallen from greater heights. The former cases were more often seen in older females. More severe injuries tend to be seen in the patients who have fallen from greater heights, and in the cases associated with acute medical disorders. Conclusion: This retrospective study documents the higher risk of fractures in older females and the higher risk of severe injury in those patients who were unconscious. This is in agreement with recent orthopaedic studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-283
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Accidental Falls
Oral Surgery
Age Distribution
Wounds and Injuries
Orthopedics
Retrospective Studies

Keywords

  • Facial injury
  • Fall
  • Mandibular fracture
  • Midface fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Iida, S., Hassfeld, S., Reuther, T., Schweigert, H. G., Haag, C., Klein, J., & Mühling, J. (2003). Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 31(5), 278-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-5182(03)00069-6

Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls. / Iida, Seiji; Hassfeld, Stefan; Reuther, Tobias; Schweigert, Hans Gert; Haag, Claudia; Klein, Johannes; Mühling, Joachim.

In: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 31, No. 5, 10.2003, p. 278-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iida, S, Hassfeld, S, Reuther, T, Schweigert, HG, Haag, C, Klein, J & Mühling, J 2003, 'Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls', Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 278-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-5182(03)00069-6
Iida S, Hassfeld S, Reuther T, Schweigert HG, Haag C, Klein J et al. Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. 2003 Oct;31(5):278-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-5182(03)00069-6
Iida, Seiji ; Hassfeld, Stefan ; Reuther, Tobias ; Schweigert, Hans Gert ; Haag, Claudia ; Klein, Johannes ; Mühling, Joachim. / Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls. In: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery. 2003 ; Vol. 31, No. 5. pp. 278-283.
@article{47ae4feb5d844a8ebe67b1d13bb12cbe,
title = "Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls",
abstract = "Objective: This study was performed to clarify the characteristics of facial fractures caused by falls with a particular focus on aetiology. Patients: Of 505 patients with facial fractures treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial/Craniofacial Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital from January 1997 to May 2001, 129 patients injured by falls were analysed. Study design: Aetiological analysis was performed according to falling patterns. Results: The distribution of age showed two peaks in the 4th and 8th decades, and the male to female ratio was 1.1:1, unlike the overall facial fracture ratio of 3:1. Seventy-six patients had fallen from standing height or less and 44 patients had fallen from greater heights. The former cases were more often seen in older females. More severe injuries tend to be seen in the patients who have fallen from greater heights, and in the cases associated with acute medical disorders. Conclusion: This retrospective study documents the higher risk of fractures in older females and the higher risk of severe injury in those patients who were unconscious. This is in agreement with recent orthopaedic studies.",
keywords = "Facial injury, Fall, Mandibular fracture, Midface fracture",
author = "Seiji Iida and Stefan Hassfeld and Tobias Reuther and Schweigert, {Hans Gert} and Claudia Haag and Johannes Klein and Joachim M{\"u}hling",
year = "2003",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/S1010-5182(03)00069-6",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "278--283",
journal = "Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery",
issn = "1010-5182",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls

AU - Iida, Seiji

AU - Hassfeld, Stefan

AU - Reuther, Tobias

AU - Schweigert, Hans Gert

AU - Haag, Claudia

AU - Klein, Johannes

AU - Mühling, Joachim

PY - 2003/10

Y1 - 2003/10

N2 - Objective: This study was performed to clarify the characteristics of facial fractures caused by falls with a particular focus on aetiology. Patients: Of 505 patients with facial fractures treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial/Craniofacial Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital from January 1997 to May 2001, 129 patients injured by falls were analysed. Study design: Aetiological analysis was performed according to falling patterns. Results: The distribution of age showed two peaks in the 4th and 8th decades, and the male to female ratio was 1.1:1, unlike the overall facial fracture ratio of 3:1. Seventy-six patients had fallen from standing height or less and 44 patients had fallen from greater heights. The former cases were more often seen in older females. More severe injuries tend to be seen in the patients who have fallen from greater heights, and in the cases associated with acute medical disorders. Conclusion: This retrospective study documents the higher risk of fractures in older females and the higher risk of severe injury in those patients who were unconscious. This is in agreement with recent orthopaedic studies.

AB - Objective: This study was performed to clarify the characteristics of facial fractures caused by falls with a particular focus on aetiology. Patients: Of 505 patients with facial fractures treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial/Craniofacial Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital from January 1997 to May 2001, 129 patients injured by falls were analysed. Study design: Aetiological analysis was performed according to falling patterns. Results: The distribution of age showed two peaks in the 4th and 8th decades, and the male to female ratio was 1.1:1, unlike the overall facial fracture ratio of 3:1. Seventy-six patients had fallen from standing height or less and 44 patients had fallen from greater heights. The former cases were more often seen in older females. More severe injuries tend to be seen in the patients who have fallen from greater heights, and in the cases associated with acute medical disorders. Conclusion: This retrospective study documents the higher risk of fractures in older females and the higher risk of severe injury in those patients who were unconscious. This is in agreement with recent orthopaedic studies.

KW - Facial injury

KW - Fall

KW - Mandibular fracture

KW - Midface fracture

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0242287755&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0242287755&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1010-5182(03)00069-6

DO - 10.1016/S1010-5182(03)00069-6

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 278

EP - 283

JO - Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery

JF - Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery

SN - 1010-5182

IS - 5

ER -