Background: The waiting period for lung transplantation (LT) is approximately 3 years in Japan. The prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) awaiting LT is poor without LT. Patients at the present center often survive in the long term after registration for LT. The aim of this study was to elucidate why some patients survive in the long term by investigating changes in pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) after registration, and medication used. Methods and Results: This study involved 57 patients with PAH who were enrolled in a registry for LT at Okayama University Hospital. We divided patients into 3 groups according to outcome: LT (n=27); death without LT (n=21); and survival without LT (n=9). The median interval from PAH diagnosis to epoprostenol treatment was shorter in the survival group (58 days) than in the LT group (378 days) and death group (545 days). Eight patients in the survival group, 13 in the LT group, and 13 in the death group underwent right heart catheterization after registration. Percent change in mean PAP after registration was significantly greater in the survival group (−32%) than in the LT group (−13%) and death group (1%; P<0.01). Conclusions: Even after LT registration, patients who received epoprostenol infusion soon after diagnosis of PAH often had marked reduction in PAP and long-term survival without LT.
- Lung transplantation
- Pulmonary artery hypertension
- Pulmonary artery pressure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine