An acidophilic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium was isolated from seawater, and designated as strain SH. Strain SH was a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and motile bacterium, which had an optimum temperature and pH value for growth of 30°C and 4.0, respectively. The mol% guanine plus cytosine of the DNA was 46.0. Chemolithotrophic growth was observed with elemental sulfur and tetrathionate at pH 4.0, and was not observed with ferrous ion. The isolate was able to utilize carbon dioxide as a carbon source, and was unable to grow heterotrophically with yeast extract or glucose. The growth of strain SH was activated in medium supplemented with NaCl. However, LiCl and KCl did not sustain the growth of strain SH. The results indicate that strain SH was an acidophilic, halophilic, and obligately chemolithotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA sequences indicated that strain SH had a close relationship to Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans. The oxidizing activities of sulfur and sulfite with resting cells were stimulated not only by the addition of NaCl, but also by KCl and LiCl. The oxidation of sulfite was inhibited by ionophores, carbonyl cyanide-m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), and monensin, and respiratory inhibitors, KCN and 2-heptyl-4-hydroxy-quinoline-N-oxode (HQNO).
- Sulfur-oxidizing bacterium
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology