Mantle metasomatism and rapid ascent of slab components beneath island arcs: Evidence from 238U-230Th-226Ra disequilibria of Miyakejima volcano, Izu arc, Japan

Tetsuya Yokoyama, Katsura Kobayashi, Takeshi Kuritani, Eizo Nakamura

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    238U-230Th-226Ra systematics in lavas from Miyakejima volcano, Japan, are presented to estimate the timescale of magmatic processes beneath an island arc. Miyakejima volcano has four recent eruptive stages (Stages 1-4) starting >7000 BP. 238U-230Th-226Ra disequilibria observed in lavas with large 238U and 226Ra excesses imply metasomatism of depleted mantle by fluid-related processes. This metasomatism is also suggested by trace element and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic systematics in the same lavas. In the equiline diagram, the trends for two magmatic stages (Stages 1 and 2) are regarded as two different isochrons with a common initial (230Th/232Th) ratio, although the trend for Stages 3 and 4 is a magma mixing line. Our model calculations show that slab-derived fluids can deliver some Th and a very rapid ascent time of the slab components in the mantle wedge (< 7 kyr) is inferred. This rapid ascent can be explained by nearly instantaneous material transport in the mantle wedge by a hydrofracture model for fluid and a channel flow model for melt. Such a timescale estimate is not increased even if melting processes that enhance 226Ra are taken into account. The age difference in the equiline diagram corresponds to the interval of individual fluid-release events (13 kyr between Stages 1 and 2, and 5 kyr between Stages 2 and 3 . Thus fluid release from the slab and subsequent magma generation occur as episodic events on a several-kiloyear timescale.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)EMP 1-1 - 1-25
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 2003


    • Miyakejima volcano
    • Slab dehydration
    • Timescales
    • U-series disequilibria

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geophysics
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science


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