Management of elderly patients with bone and soft tissue sarcomas: JCOG Bone and Soft Tissue Tumor Study Group

Kazuhiro Tanaka, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Approximately, 40% of bone sarcomas and 60% of soft tissue sarcoma arise in patients aged ≥65 years. However, because sarcoma is very rare, there is little evidence regarding the management of elderly patients with sarcoma. Age has been reported as a prognostic factor in patients with sarcomas. The standard therapy for all localized bone and soft tissue sarcomas is surgical resection, even in elderly patients. Radiation or ion-beam therapy can be considered for unresectable sarcomas. Although adjuvant chemotherapy is standard for osteosarcoma, the usefulness of adjuvant chemotherapy for elderly patients has not been verified; therefore, it may not be recommended for elderly patients with osteosarcoma. For elderly patients with advanced osteosarcoma, if general conditions permit, doxorubicin- and/or ifosfamide-based regimens as well as molecular-targeted therapies, including sorafenib, regorafenib and everolimus, may be considered, although these drugs have not been approved for sarcoma in Japan. Adjuvant chemotherapy with doxorubicin plus ifosfamide is recommended for patients with high-risk localized soft tissue sarcoma if they are aged ≤70 years. For first-line treatment of advanced soft tissue sarcoma in elderly patients, doxorubicin monotherapy is considered to be the standard regimen, and pazopanib can be an alternative. For second-line treatment, gemcitabine-based regimens, pazopanib, trabectedin and eribulin may be options for elderly patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-530
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2022

Keywords

  • aged
  • bone and soft tissue sarcoma
  • prognosis
  • therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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