Malignant lymphoma induction of rabbits with oral spray of Epstein-Barr virus-related herpesvirus from Si-IIA cells (HTLV-II-transformed Cynomolgus cell line): A possible animal model for Epstein-Barr virus infection and subsequent virus-related tumors in humans

Tirtha Raj Koirala, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Hong Li Chen, Hideo Ino, Naoyuki Kariya, Hiroyuki Yanai, Chitta Ranjan Choudhury, Tadaatsu Akagi

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Abstract

Malignant lymphoma (ML) was induced in eight of nine rabbits inoculated by oral spray of the cell-free pellets from Si-IIA culture (HTLV-II- transformed leukocyte cell line of the Cynomolgus-producing Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related herpesvirus) after 64-141 days. None of the rabbits inoculated with EBV from B-95-8 cells or HTLV-II from MOT cells developed ML. Malignant lymphomas were usually of diffuse, large-cell or mixed type. HTLV- II infection was excluded by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the particle agglutination teat. EBV-encoded RNA-1 and EBV-related DNA were detected in the tumor tissues by in situ hybridization and PCR, respectively. Anti-viral capsid antigen of EBV antibody (anti-VCA) was observed 3 weeks after oral inoculation of Si-IIA cell-free pellets. Polymerase chain reaction revealed continuous detection of EBV-related virus DNA in the peripheral blood leukocytes from 3 days after oral inoculation. These results show that ML induced orally with Si-IIA cell-free pellets was caused by EBV-related herpesvirus harbored by Si-IIA cells. Oral spray of EBV from B-95-8 also induced EBV infection in rabbits, which was confirmed both by the presence of anti-VCA and by PCR. These oral infection and malignant lymphoma induction systems of rabbit using EBV-related virus from Si-IIA or human EBV are useful animal models for the study of EBV infection and EBV-related lymphomas in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-448
Number of pages7
JournalPathology International
Volume47
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Oral Sprays
Human T-lymphotropic virus 2
Oncogenic Viruses
Transformed Cell Line
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Herpesviridae
Human Herpesvirus 4
Lymphoma
Animal Models
Rabbits
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Viral Antigens
Capsid
HTLV-II Infections
Leukocytes
DNA Viruses
Antibodies
Agglutination

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Herpes virus
  • Human T lymphotropic virus
  • Malignant lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Malignant lymphoma induction of rabbits with oral spray of Epstein-Barr virus-related herpesvirus from Si-IIA cells (HTLV-II-transformed Cynomolgus cell line): A possible animal model for Epstein-Barr virus infection and subsequent virus-related tumors in humans",
abstract = "Malignant lymphoma (ML) was induced in eight of nine rabbits inoculated by oral spray of the cell-free pellets from Si-IIA culture (HTLV-II- transformed leukocyte cell line of the Cynomolgus-producing Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related herpesvirus) after 64-141 days. None of the rabbits inoculated with EBV from B-95-8 cells or HTLV-II from MOT cells developed ML. Malignant lymphomas were usually of diffuse, large-cell or mixed type. HTLV- II infection was excluded by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the particle agglutination teat. EBV-encoded RNA-1 and EBV-related DNA were detected in the tumor tissues by in situ hybridization and PCR, respectively. Anti-viral capsid antigen of EBV antibody (anti-VCA) was observed 3 weeks after oral inoculation of Si-IIA cell-free pellets. Polymerase chain reaction revealed continuous detection of EBV-related virus DNA in the peripheral blood leukocytes from 3 days after oral inoculation. These results show that ML induced orally with Si-IIA cell-free pellets was caused by EBV-related herpesvirus harbored by Si-IIA cells. Oral spray of EBV from B-95-8 also induced EBV infection in rabbits, which was confirmed both by the presence of anti-VCA and by PCR. These oral infection and malignant lymphoma induction systems of rabbit using EBV-related virus from Si-IIA or human EBV are useful animal models for the study of EBV infection and EBV-related lymphomas in humans.",
keywords = "Animal model, Epstein-Barr virus, Herpes virus, Human T lymphotropic virus, Malignant lymphoma",
author = "Koirala, {Tirtha Raj} and Kazuhiko Hayashi and Chen, {Hong Li} and Hideo Ino and Naoyuki Kariya and Hiroyuki Yanai and Choudhury, {Chitta Ranjan} and Tadaatsu Akagi",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "442--448",
journal = "Pathology International",
issn = "1320-5463",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "7",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Malignant lymphoma induction of rabbits with oral spray of Epstein-Barr virus-related herpesvirus from Si-IIA cells (HTLV-II-transformed Cynomolgus cell line)

T2 - A possible animal model for Epstein-Barr virus infection and subsequent virus-related tumors in humans

AU - Koirala, Tirtha Raj

AU - Hayashi, Kazuhiko

AU - Chen, Hong Li

AU - Ino, Hideo

AU - Kariya, Naoyuki

AU - Yanai, Hiroyuki

AU - Choudhury, Chitta Ranjan

AU - Akagi, Tadaatsu

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Malignant lymphoma (ML) was induced in eight of nine rabbits inoculated by oral spray of the cell-free pellets from Si-IIA culture (HTLV-II- transformed leukocyte cell line of the Cynomolgus-producing Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related herpesvirus) after 64-141 days. None of the rabbits inoculated with EBV from B-95-8 cells or HTLV-II from MOT cells developed ML. Malignant lymphomas were usually of diffuse, large-cell or mixed type. HTLV- II infection was excluded by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the particle agglutination teat. EBV-encoded RNA-1 and EBV-related DNA were detected in the tumor tissues by in situ hybridization and PCR, respectively. Anti-viral capsid antigen of EBV antibody (anti-VCA) was observed 3 weeks after oral inoculation of Si-IIA cell-free pellets. Polymerase chain reaction revealed continuous detection of EBV-related virus DNA in the peripheral blood leukocytes from 3 days after oral inoculation. These results show that ML induced orally with Si-IIA cell-free pellets was caused by EBV-related herpesvirus harbored by Si-IIA cells. Oral spray of EBV from B-95-8 also induced EBV infection in rabbits, which was confirmed both by the presence of anti-VCA and by PCR. These oral infection and malignant lymphoma induction systems of rabbit using EBV-related virus from Si-IIA or human EBV are useful animal models for the study of EBV infection and EBV-related lymphomas in humans.

AB - Malignant lymphoma (ML) was induced in eight of nine rabbits inoculated by oral spray of the cell-free pellets from Si-IIA culture (HTLV-II- transformed leukocyte cell line of the Cynomolgus-producing Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related herpesvirus) after 64-141 days. None of the rabbits inoculated with EBV from B-95-8 cells or HTLV-II from MOT cells developed ML. Malignant lymphomas were usually of diffuse, large-cell or mixed type. HTLV- II infection was excluded by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the particle agglutination teat. EBV-encoded RNA-1 and EBV-related DNA were detected in the tumor tissues by in situ hybridization and PCR, respectively. Anti-viral capsid antigen of EBV antibody (anti-VCA) was observed 3 weeks after oral inoculation of Si-IIA cell-free pellets. Polymerase chain reaction revealed continuous detection of EBV-related virus DNA in the peripheral blood leukocytes from 3 days after oral inoculation. These results show that ML induced orally with Si-IIA cell-free pellets was caused by EBV-related herpesvirus harbored by Si-IIA cells. Oral spray of EBV from B-95-8 also induced EBV infection in rabbits, which was confirmed both by the presence of anti-VCA and by PCR. These oral infection and malignant lymphoma induction systems of rabbit using EBV-related virus from Si-IIA or human EBV are useful animal models for the study of EBV infection and EBV-related lymphomas in humans.

KW - Animal model

KW - Epstein-Barr virus

KW - Herpes virus

KW - Human T lymphotropic virus

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