Malate induces stomatal closure via a receptor-like kinase GHR1- and reactive oxygen species-dependent pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana

Yoshiharu Mimata, Shintaro Munemasa, Fahmida Akter, Israt Jahan, Toshiyuki Nakamura, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Yoshiyuki Murata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A primary metabolite malate is secreted from guard cells in response to the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) and elevated CO2. The secreted malate subsequently facilitates stomatal closure in plants. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanism of malate-induced stomatal closure using inhibitors and ABA signaling component mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana. Malate-induced stomatal closure was impaired by a protein kinase inhibitor, K252a, and also by the disruption of a receptor-like kinase GHR1, which mediates activation of calcium ion (Ca2+) channel by reactive oxygen species (ROS) in guard cells. Malate induced ROS production in guard cells while the malate-induced stomatal closure was impaired by a peroxidase inhibitor, salicylhydroxamic acid, but not by the disruption of Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H) oxidases, RBOHD and RBOHF. The malate-induced stomatal closure was impaired by Ca2+ channel blockers, verapamil, and niflumic acid. These results demonstrate that the malate signaling is mediated by GHR1 and ROS in Arabidopsis guard cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-1367
Number of pages6
JournalBioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry
Volume86
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 23 2022

Keywords

  • ABA
  • GHR1
  • malate
  • reactive oxygen species
  • stomatal closure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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