Magnifying narrowband imaging is more accurate than conventional white-light imaging in diagnosis of gastric mucosal cancer

Yasumasa Ezoe, Manabu Muto, Noriya Uedo, Hisashi Doyama, Kenshi Yao, Ichiro Oda, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Yoshiro Kawahara, Chizu Yokoi, Yasushi Sugiura, Hideki Ishikawa, Yoji Takeuchi, Yoshibumi Kaneko, Yutaka Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

196 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & Aims: It is difficult to accurately diagnose patients with depressed gastric mucosal cancer based on conventional white-light imaging (C-WLI) endoscopy. We compared the real-time diagnostic yield of C-WLI for small, depressed gastric mucosal cancers with that of magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI). Methods: We performed a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled trial of patients with undiagnosed depressed lesions ≤10 mm in diameter identified by esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Patients were randomly assigned to groups that were analyzed by C-WLI (n = 176) or M-NBI (n = 177) immediately after detection; the C-WLI group received M-NBI after C-WLI. We compared the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity between C-WLI and M-NBI and assessed the diagnostic yield of M-NBI conducted in conjunction with C-WLI. Results: Overall, 40 gastric cancers (20 in each group) were identified. The median diagnostic values for M-NBI and C-WLI were as follows: accuracy, 90.4% and 64.8%; sensitivity, 60.0% and 40.0%; and specificity, 94.3% and 67.9%, respectively. The accuracy and specificity of M-NBI were greater than those of C-WLI (P <.001); the difference in sensitivity was not significant (P =.34). The combination of M-NBI with C-WLI significantly enhanced performance compared with C-WLI alone; accuracy increased from (median) 64.8% to 96.6% (P <.001), sensitivity increased from 40.0% to 95.0% (P <.001), and specificity increased from 67.9% to 96.8% (P <.001). Conclusions: M-NBI, in conjunction with C-WLI, identifies small, depressed gastric mucosal cancers with 96.6% accuracy, 95.0% sensitivity, and 96.8% specificity. These values are better than for C-WLI or M-NBI alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2017-2025.e3
JournalGastroenterology
Volume141
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Benign
  • Biopsy
  • Early Detection
  • Gastric Cancer
  • Malignant
  • Neoplasm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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  • Cite this

    Ezoe, Y., Muto, M., Uedo, N., Doyama, H., Yao, K., Oda, I., Kaneko, K., Kawahara, Y., Yokoi, C., Sugiura, Y., Ishikawa, H., Takeuchi, Y., Kaneko, Y., & Saito, Y. (2011). Magnifying narrowband imaging is more accurate than conventional white-light imaging in diagnosis of gastric mucosal cancer. Gastroenterology, 141(6), 2017-2025.e3. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2011.08.007