Magnetite Fe3-δO4: A stoichiometry and structure analysis of MBE grown thin films using NO2 as the oxidizing source

F. C. Voogt, T. Hibma, P. J.M. Smulders, L. Niesen, T. Fujii, P. A.A. van der Heijden, R. J.M. van de Veerdonk, P. J. van der Zaag

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Abstract

Epitaxial single crystalline films of iron oxides have been grown on MgO(100) substrates by means of MBE. Natural Fe or 57Fe was evaporated from alumina crucibles, and oxidized simultaneously with a dosed flux of NO2. The resulting oxide layers have been characterized in situ with RHEED, LEED, XPS, and AES. RHEED intensity oscillations, observed during deposition of the oxides, indicate a layer-by-layer growth for all substrate temperatures between 373 and 673 K. A stoichiometry analysis with CEMS, performed ex situ, shows that it is straightforward to prepare both the stable magnetite Fe3O4 and the metastable maghemite γ-Fe2O3 phases. Moreover, also all solid solutions in between these two extreme phases, i.e. Fe3-δO4 with 0<δ<1/3, could be formed. Ion beam channelling has been used to examine the epitaxy of the films. It was found that the films grow coherent on MgO(100).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-602
Number of pages2
JournalJournal De Physique. IV : JP
Volume7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1996 7th International Conference on Ferrites, ICF - Bordeaux, Fr
Duration: Sep 3 1996Sep 6 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Voogt, F. C., Hibma, T., Smulders, P. J. M., Niesen, L., Fujii, T., van der Heijden, P. A. A., van de Veerdonk, R. J. M., & van der Zaag, P. J. (1997). Magnetite Fe3-δO4: A stoichiometry and structure analysis of MBE grown thin films using NO2 as the oxidizing source. Journal De Physique. IV : JP, 7(1), 601-602.