Magnetic resonance imaging findings of age-related distance esotropia in Japanese patients with high myopia

Reika Kono, Hiroshi Ohtsuki, Fumiko Kishimoto, Ichiro Hamasaki, Yuki Morizane, Fumio Shiraga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of the extraocular muscles and the orbital connective tissue pulleys in Japanese patients with age-related distance esotropia (ARDE) and high myopia using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: This was a retrospective case-series study. High-resolution coronal MRI scans of 12 orbits were obtained in 6 patients with ARDE and high myopia (age range: 51–69 years). We analyzed the images to determine the positions of the rectus muscle pulleys relative to the center of the globe, the integrity of the lateral rectus-superior rectus muscle (LR-SR) band, and the LR angle (the angle between the major axis of the LR and the vertical plane). Results: The distance esotropia ranged from 4 to 25∆, and 3 cases exhibited vertical deviations. The mean (±standard deviation (SD)) axial length was 28.5 (± 1.6) mm. The mean positions of the medial rectus muscle pulley and LR pulley were 1.3 mm inferior and 1.4 mm inferior, respectively, to those seen in the normal control group in our previous study (P = 0.002 and P = 0.05, respectively). All 12 orbits had abnormal elongated LR-SR bands, and 8 orbits (67%) displayed ruptured LR-SR bands. The LR angle (mean±SD; 18.8° ± 8.5°) increased significantly with the inferior displacement of the LR pulley (R 2 = 0.77, P = 0.0002). Conclusions: Inferior displacement of the LR pulley and abnormal LR-SR bands were seen in Japanese ARDE patients with high myopia, as was found in ARDE patients without high myopia. The LR angle might be useful for judging the degree of LR pulley displacement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-662
Number of pages6
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2019


  • Age-related distance esotropia
  • Esotropia
  • High myopia
  • Orbital pulley
  • Sagging eye syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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