Magnetic and ferroelectric properties of multiferroic RMn2O 5

Y. Noda, H. Kimura, M. Fukunaga, S. Kobayashi, I. Kagomiya, K. Kohn

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117 Citations (Scopus)


The magnetic and ferroelectric properties of multiferroic RMn 2O5 (R = Y, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm) are reviewed based on recent neutron diffraction and dielectric measurements. Successive phase transitions of magnetic and dielectric ordering were found to occur simultaneously in this system. The characteristic magnetic ordering of the system exhibits an incommensurate-commensurate phase transition, and again transitions to an incommensurate phase. Special attention is given to the magnetic structure in order to discuss the mechanism for the introduction of ferroelectric polarization. For all the compounds examined, the spin configuration for Mn 4+ and Mn3+ ions in the commensurate magnetic phase, where spontaneous electric polarization occurs, was determined to be a transverse spiral spin structure propagating along the c-axis. By contrast, the alignment of the induced 4f moment of R3+ ions showed variation, depending on the character of each of the elements. Corresponding responses to external fields such as a magnetic field, hydrostatic pressure etc at low temperature are strongly dependent on the rare earth element present in the RMn 2O5 system. The so-called colossal magnetoelectric effect in this system can be easily interpreted by the phase transition from the magnetic incommensurate and weak ferroelectric phase to the commensurate and ferroelectric phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number434206
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - Oct 7 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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