Magma genesis beneath Northeast Japan arc: A new perspective on subduction zone magmatism

Tetsu Kogiso, Soichi Omori, Shigenori Maruyama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    It is being accepted that earthquakes in subducting slab are caused by dehydration reactions of hydrous minerals. In the context of this "dehydration embrittlement" hypothesis, we propose a new model to explain key features of subduction zone magmatism on the basis of hydrous phase relations in peridotite and basaltic systems determined by thermodynamic calculations and seismic structures of Northeast Japan arc revealed by latest seismic studies. The model predicts that partial melting of basaltic crust in the subducting slab is an inevitable consequence of subduction of hydrated oceanic lithosphere. Aqueous fluids released from the subducting slab also cause partial melting widely in mantle wedge from just above the subducting slab to just below overlying crust at volcanic front. Hydrous minerals in the mantle wedge are stable only in shallow (< 120 km) areas, and are absent in the layer that is dragged into deep mantle by the subducting slab. The position of volcanic front is not restricted by dehydration reactions in the subducting slab but is controlled by dynamics of mantle wedge flow, which governs the thermal structure and partial melting regime in the mantle wedge.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)446-457
    Number of pages12
    JournalGondwana Research
    Volume16
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009

    Keywords

    • Arc magma
    • Dehydration
    • Phase equilibrium
    • Slab melting
    • Subduction

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geology

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