Cell motility is involved in physiological and pathological processes such as the invasion and migration of cells. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascades are involved in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. However, little is known about the downstream signaling of JNK. In the present study, we used small interfering RNA (siRNA) directed against JNK1 to reduce its expression. We used microarray techniques to compare the gene expression profiles of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated HeLa cells with and without JNK1 siRNA treatment. We identified a JNK1 target gene, myosin phosphatase-Rho interacting protein (M-RIP). RNA interference-mediated inhibition of JNK1 strongly inhibited M-RIP mRNA expression induced by EGF, as well as the invasion of HeLa cells. In addition, M-RIP siRNA-treated cells showed significantly reduced invasive activity. Thus, a functional analysis of JNK1 and M-RIP with RNA interference reveals a critical role for this cascade in the invasive behavior of cancer cells.
- Eukaryotic initiation factor
- Focal adhesion kinase
- Myosin phosphatase-Rho interacting protein
- Small interfering RNA
ASJC Scopus subject areas