Lymphatic metabolites of quercetin after intestinal administration of quercetin-3-glucoside and its aglycone in rats

Toshiyuki Nakamura, Chinatsu Kinjo, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Yoji Kato, Miyu Nishikawa, Masahiro Hamada, Noriyuki Nakajima, Shinichi Ikushiro, Kaeko Murota

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quercetin is a major flavonoid, present as its glycosidic forms in plant foods. In this study, quercetin-3-glucoside (Q3G) was administered intraduodenally to thoracic lymph-cannulated rats, and its lymphatic transport was investigated. The resulting lymphatic and plasma metabolites were identified with LC-MS/MS and compared with those after administration of quercetin aglycone. The total concentration of quercetin metabolites in the lymph was about four times lower than that in the plasma, and quercetin and its methylated form isorhamnetin were detected as their glucuronides, sulfates and diglucuronides both in the lymph and the plasma after Q3G and quercetin administrations. The lymph levels of the glucuronides after Q3G administration were lower than those after quercetin administration, whereas those in the plasma showed the opposite pattern. Both the lymph and plasma levels of the sulfates after Q3G administration were lower than those after quercetin administration. Some of the intestinal metabolites like quercetin monoglucuronides were transported directly into the lymph and the hepatic metabolites like the diglucuronides were eventually transferred from the plasma into the lymph. These results indicate that the absorbed Q3G is partly transported into the intestinal lymph as quercetin metabolites. Deglycosylation in the enterocyte is also suggested to affect the subsequent metabolic pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-136
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume645
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Lymph
  • Methylation
  • Plasma
  • Quercetin
  • Quercetin glucuronide
  • Quercetin-3-glucoside

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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