Lung transplant candidates with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and long-term pirfenidone therapy: Treatment feasibility influences waitlist survival

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Abstract

Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronically progressive lung disease with exceptionally poor prognosis. While lung transplantation (LTx) is considered the last-resort therapeutic option, dismal waitlist mortality still hampers the salvage of patients with IPF. Pirfenidone, originally designed for IPF treatment, has increasingly been utilized. This study aimed to evaluate whether Pirfenidone could influence outcomes of patients with IPF on the Japanese LTx waitlist. Methods: This retrospective single-center cohort study included 25 consecutive patients with IPF who were registered as LTx candidates at our institution between July 1999 and August 2016. Patients with a history of pretransplant Pirfenidone therapy (Pirfenidone group) were compared with those with no history (non-Pirfenidone group). Results: In total, 6 (24%) patients received Pirfenidone as pretransplant therapy for 45.2 (range, 18.6–66.8) months. During the treatment period, the Pirfenidone group achieved a significant reduction in the decline rate of the forced vital capacity (-6.2% vs. -0.3%, p = 0.04) and a lower lung allocation score (31 vs. 41, p = 0.013) compared with the non-Pirfenidone group. The Pirfenidone group exhibited 100% waitlist survival three years after registration that was comparable to other indications, and 66% of the patients were still alive at the time of organ availability. No patient in the Pirfenidone group developed Pirfenidone-related surgical complications postoperatively. Conclusions: Patients with IPF successfully managed with long-term Pirfenidone therapy achieved favorable outcomes after LTx registration, comparable to other patients with LTx indications. The tolerability to antifibrotic therapy can be a predictor of waitlist survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalRespiratory Investigation
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Bridge therapy
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  • Lung transplantation
  • Pirfenidone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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