Low-temperature preparation of anatase and rutile layers on titanium substrates and their ability to induce in vitro apatite deposition

Jin Ming Wu, Satoshi Hayakawa, Kanji Tsuru, Akiyoshi Osaka

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140 Citations (Scopus)


Surface modification of titanium and its alloys to induce apatite deposition within a short period is of practical importance in clinical applications. In this study, titanium substrates were treated with hydrogen peroxide solutions at low temperatures to yield titania layers consisting of anatase and rutile. Those titania layers, regardless of the fraction of anatase and rutile, were bioactive to induce deposition of apatite in Kokubo's simulated body fluid within 24 h. The bioactivity was attributed to both the epitaxial effect and the abundant Ti-OH group of the titania layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1635-1642
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

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