Low PSI content limits the photoprotection of PSI and PSII in early growth stages of chlorophyll b-deficient wheat mutant lines

Marian Brestic, Marek Zivcak, Kristyna Kunderlikova, Oksana Sytar, Hongbo Shao, Hazem M. Kalaji, Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev

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Abstract

In vivo analyses of electron and proton transport-related processes as well as photoprotective responses were carried out at different stages of growth in chlorophyll b (Chl b)-deficient mutant lines (ANK-32A and ANK-32B) and wild type (WT) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In addition to a high Chl a-b ratio, ANK mutants had a lower content of photo-oxidizable photosystem I (PSI, Pm), and several parameters indicated a low PSI/PSII ratio. Moreover, simultaneous measurements of Chl fluorescence and P700 indicated a shift of balance between redox poise of the PSII acceptor side and the PSII donor side, with preferential reduction of the plastoquinone pool, resulting in an over reduced PSI acceptor side (high ΦNA values). This was the probable reason for PSI inactivation observed in the ANK mutants, but not in WT. In later growth phases, we observed partial relief of "chlorina symptoms," toward WT. Measurements of ΔA 520 decay confirmed that, in early growth stages, the ANK mutants with low PSI content had a limited capacity to build up the transthylakoid proton gradient (ΔpH) needed to trigger non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) and to regulate the electron transport by cytochrome b 6/f. Later, the increase in the PSI/PSII ratio enabled ANK mutants to reach full NPQ, but neither over reduction of the PSI acceptor side nor PSI photoinactivation due to imbalance between the activity of PSII and PSI was mitigated. Thus, our results support the crucial role of proper regulation of linear electron transport in the protection of PSI against photoinhibition. Moreover, the ANK mutants of wheat showing the dynamic developmental changes in the PSI/PSII ratio are presented here as very useful models for further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-166
Number of pages16
JournalPhotosynthesis research
Volume125
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 17 2015

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Keywords

  • Chlorina mutants
  • Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Non-photochemical quenching
  • PSI photoinhibition
  • Transthylakoid proton gradient
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Brestic, M., Zivcak, M., Kunderlikova, K., Sytar, O., Shao, H., Kalaji, H. M., & Allakhverdiev, S. I. (2015). Low PSI content limits the photoprotection of PSI and PSII in early growth stages of chlorophyll b-deficient wheat mutant lines. Photosynthesis research, 125(1-2), 151-166. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11120-015-0093-1