Low-bandgap semiconducting polymers based on sulfur-containing phenacene-type molecules for transistor and solar cell applications

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    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The incorporation of a highly extended π-electron system into a polymer backbone is an effective strategy to develop high-performance donor–acceptor (D–A) polymers suitable for organic electronics because this strategy can facilitate a dense π-π stacking structure, leading to efficient carrier transport. With this in mind, we developed phenanthro[1,2-b:8,7-b′]dithiophene (PDT) because this new phenacene-type molecule has a highly crystalline nature, deep HOMO level, and high hole mobility, which are characteristics known to be suitable for a donor unit in high-performance D–A polymers. In this focus review, we report recent progress in PDT-containing D-A polymers combined with various strong acceptor units. Incorporation of PDT into a polymer backbone results in deep HOMO energy levels of −5.4~−5.5 eV, strong aggregation, and a dense packing structure with a short π-stacking distance of 3.5~3.6 Å. PDT-based polymers with appropriate alkyl side chains exhibit high hole mobilities of up to 0.18 cm2 V−1 s−1 in organic field-effect transistor (OFET) devices due to their tendency to form highly ordered edge-on structures. Furthermore, we can adjust their level of molecular orientation from edge-on to face-on by increasing their molecular weight, leading to a high power conversion efficiency of over 6% in polymer solar cell (PSC) applications. These results demonstrate that PDT is a good candidate as a high-performance building block in D-A polymers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)615-625
    Number of pages11
    JournalPolymer Journal
    Volume50
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Materials Chemistry

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