Loss of oral self-care ability results in a higher risk of pneumonia in older inpatients: A prospective cohort study in a Japanese rural hospital

Aya Fujiwara, Hajime Minakuchi, Junji Uehara, Haruna Miki, Mami Inoue-Minakuchi, Aya Kimura-Ono, Kumiko Nawachi, Kenji Maekawa, Takuo Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To identify significant risk factors associated with incidence of mortality and pneumonia in whole-community-based older inpatients resident in Japanese rural region. Methods: Patients older than 65 years admitted between 1 April and 15 April 2010 to a core hospital located in a rural region were exhaustively recruited, and incidence of mortality and pneumonia during the 32-month follow-up period were evaluated. Independent variables at baseline measurement included age, gender, body mass index, Charlson comorbidity index, functional dependency, oral self-care ability index, number of remaining teeth, hyposalivation and nutritional status. Dependent variables were incidence of mortality and pneumonia. Survival and non-pneumonia curves were drawn using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to identify the risk factors related to incidence of mortality and pneumonia. Results: The survival rate of 46 patients (male/female: 11/35; mean age: 83.8 ± 6.8 years) was 52.1%, and the incidence of pneumonia was 60.9%. Malnutrition and gender (male) were identified as significant risk factors for mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 8.18 and 4.90; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.77-37.3 and 1.50-16.0; P < 0.01 and <0.01, respectively). Loss of oral self-care ability and gender (male) were identified as significant risk factors for incidence of pneumonia (OR: 8.97 and 4.58; 95% CI: 1.70-47.4 and 1.50-14.0; P = 0.01 and <0.01, respectively). Conclusions: Malnutrition and loss of oral self-care ability were significant risk factors for incidence of mortality and pneumonia, respectively. In response, supplying nutrition with appropriate diet and personalised oral care might contribute to reduction in mortality and prevention of pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-243
Number of pages8
JournalGerodontology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • aged
  • dentition
  • mortality
  • nutritional status
  • pneumonia
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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