Longitudinal formant analysis after cochlear implantation in school-aged children

Kazuya Kunisue, Kunihiro Fukushima, Rie Nagayasu, Akihiro Kawasaki, Kazunori Nishizaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The purpose of this investigation was to describe the correlation between vocal and hearing development by longitudinal analysis of sound spectrograms, as a basic system for evaluating progress in vocal development. Subjects and methods: Two school-aged children with prelingual deafness were evaluated diachronically to assess speech perception and speech intelligibility after cochlear implantation. One child had non-syndromic hearing impairment without any known neurological deficit except for hearing loss, while the other had hearing impairment accompanied by mild mental retardation and attention deficit disorder. Their voices were recorded for monthly follow-up after cochlear implantation; these were used for formant analysis and compared with their mother's voice, and alteration of the formant data was also compared with monosyllable speech perception. Results: Formant analysis demonstrated high concordance was observed between monosyllable speech perception and speech intelligibility. F1-F2 forms of the patients more closely resembled those of their mothers after 1 year's follow-up. The time point at which speech development altered was very similar in both cases although the final outcomes were different. Conclusion: Fair improvement of articulation after cochlear implant was demonstrated by the F1-F2 gram analysis. This procedure can be used for data sharing and cooperation between medical and educational specialists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2033-2042
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Formant analysis
  • Mental retardation
  • Pediatric cochlear implant
  • Speech intelligibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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