Hyperbaric air (HBA) is used to improve healing of wounds including diabetic ulcer. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of HBA exposure on lipid and glucose metabolism in db/db mice. HBA did not influence the weight of db/db mice. Serum levels of free fatty acid and triglyceride, but not glucose and insulin, were significantly decreased after 6 weeks of treatment with HBA. The mRNA expressions of CPT-1, PPARα and PGC-1α genes, which are related to lipid metabolism, were significantly up-regulated in the muscle and liver. Increases in TNFα and MCP1 mRNA, which impaired lipid metabolism, were also attenuated by HBA treatment. These results suggest that exposure of HBA could have beneficial effects on lipid metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)