Long-Term Risk of Clinical Progression Utilizing Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Locally Recurrent Prostate Cancer in Patients with Biochemical Recurrence following Radical Prostatectomy

Takashi Tanaka, Akira Kawashima, Laureano J. Rangel, Phillip J. Schulte, Adam T. Froemming, Bernard F. King, Lance A. Mynderse, R. Jeffrey Karnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Our goal was to evaluate the long-term prognostic value of magnetic resonance imaging of the prostatectomy bed in patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: Men with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy who were studied by prostatectomy bed magnetic resonance imaging for suspected local recurrence were retrospectively evaluated. Locally recurrent tumors were noted and measured from imaging reports. Patients with nodal/bone lesions at the time of imaging were excluded. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to assess systemic progression-free and prostate cancer-specific survival. Results: A total of 896 men were enrolled and the imaging positive and negative groups for local recurrent tumor consisted of 441 and 455 men, respectively. On univariate analysis, preoperative prostate specific antigen (p[0.02), clinical tumor stage (p[0.006), pathological Gleason score from prostatectomy (p[0.02), subsequent salvage radiotherapy (p <0.001), biochemical recurrence to magnetic resonance imaging time interval (p <0.001), age at magnetic resonance imaging (p[0.047) and prostate specific antigen at magnetic resonance imaging (p <0.001) were significantly different between magnetic resonance imaging positive and negative groups. Patients with negative magnetic resonance imaging results had worse systemic progression-free survival rates (p[0.025) and better prostate cancer-specific survival (p[0.016) than those with recurrence. Larger lesion size significantly increased risk of prostate cancer death (hazard ratio: 1.07; p <0.001). On multivariable analysis, pathological Gleason scores ≥7 were independent prognostic factors of systemic progression (p <0.05). Conclusions: Prostatectomy bed magnetic resonance imaging provides long-term prognostic information for the evaluation of patients with biochemical recurrence after prostatectomy. Post-prostatectomy patients with recurrent lesions on imaging had longer progression-free survival but shorter prostate cancer-specific survival compared to those without lesions. Additionally, those with larger lesions were associated with poorer cancer-specific survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1038-1046
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume207
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • prognosis
  • prostatectomy
  • prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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