Long-Term Results of Combination Chemotherapy with or without Irradiation in Small Cell Lung Cancer: A 5- to 11-Year Follow-Up

Taisuke Ohnoshi, Hiroshi Ueoka, Katsuyuki Kiura, Haruhito Kamei, Yoshihiko Segawa, Masahiro Tabata, Takuo Shibayama, Kazuyo Miyatake, Tadashi Maeda, Ikuro Kimura, Shunkichi Hiraki, Nobuo Ueda, Masafumi Fujii, Kennichi Machida, Toshio Yonei

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Abstract

Between April 1981 and December 1987, 148 patients with newly diagnosed small cell lung cancer (SCLC) were treated using combination chemotherapy with or without thoracic irradiation and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in a series of cooperative therapeutic trials. With a minimum follow-up of 4.7 years, 13 (9%) patients survived and were free of SCLC. These included 11 (15%) of 76 patients with limited disease and two (3%) of 72 patients with extensive disease. Three died without any evidence of SCLC (one each from second leukemia, non-small cell lung cancer, and unrelated disease). The remaining 10 (7%) patients are currently alive and free of SCLC beyond 4.7 years. Since late relapse beyond 5 years is a very rare event, these patients may have been cured. However, late toxicity of PCI must be kept in mind. Three among the 10 patients have suffered from neuropsychologic symptoms of varying degrees in severity. Although the long-term survival rate is a benchmark in the treatment of SCLC, modifications of therapy that may potentially avoid such toxicities should be considered hereafter. (Internal Medicine 32: 215–220, 1993).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993

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Keywords

  • complications
  • late toxicities
  • long-term survivors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Ohnoshi, T., Ueoka, H., Kiura, K., Kamei, H., Segawa, Y., Tabata, M., Shibayama, T., Miyatake, K., Maeda, T., Kimura, I., Hiraki, S., Ueda, N., Fujii, M., Machida, K., & Yonei, T. (1993). Long-Term Results of Combination Chemotherapy with or without Irradiation in Small Cell Lung Cancer: A 5- to 11-Year Follow-Up. Internal Medicine, 32(3), 215-220. https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.32.215