Long-term prognosis of patients withJ-wave syndrome

Tsukasa Kamakura, Tetsuji Shinohara, Kenji Yodogawa, Nobuyuki Murakoshi, Hiroshi Morita, Naohiko Takahashi, Yasuya Inden, Wataru Shimizu, Akihiko Nogami, Minoru Horie, Takeshi Aiba, Kengo Kusano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Limited data are currently available regarding the long-term prognosis of patients with J-wave syndrome (JWS). The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term prognosis of patients with JWS and identify predictors of the recurrence of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Methods This was a multicentre retrospective study (seven Japanese hospitals) involving 134 patients with JWS (Brugada syndrome (BrS): 85; early repolarisation syndrome (ERS): 49) treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. All patients had a history of VF. All patients with ERS underwent drug provocation testing with standard and high intercostal ECG recordings to rule out BrS. The impact of global J waves (type 1 ECG or anterior J waves and inferolateral J waves in two or more leads) on the prognosis was evaluated. Results During the 91±66 months of the follow-up period, 52 (39%) patients (BrS: 37; ERS: 15) experienced recurrence of VF. Patients with BrS and ERS with global J waves showed a significantly higher incidence of VF recurrence than those without (BrS: log-rank, p=0.014; ERS: log-rank, p=0.0009). The presence of global J waves was a predictor of VF recurrence in patients with JWS (HR: 2.16, 95% CI 1.21 to 3.91, p=0.0095), while previously reported high-risk electrocardiographic parameters (high-amplitude J waves ≥0.2 mV and J waves associated with a horizontal or descending ST segment) were not predictive of VF recurrence. Conclusions This multicentre long-term study showed that the presence of global J waves was associated with a higher incidence of VF recurrence in patients with JWS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-306
Number of pages8
JournalHeart
Volume106
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • brugada syndrome
  • early repolarisation syndrome
  • j wave
  • j-wave syndrome
  • ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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