A 5-month-old girl was diagnosed with Langerhans cell histiocytosis and received unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation at the age of 14 months. After cord blood transplantation, CD4 lymphocytopenia from unknown causes was observed, and persistent infections with human parvovirus B19 (B19) occurred. We performed repeated longitudinal genetic analysis for B19, which revealed 6 nucleotide mutations in B19 nonstructural protein regions in the patient. The resulting changes of the nonstructural 1 structure may have altered antigenicity of the virus and could play a role in the pathogenesis of persistent infection under immunocompromised conditions.
- Cord blood transplantation
- Genetic drift
- Parvovirus B19
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health