Background: As an alternative to cadaveric transplantation, living donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT) has been applied in critical patients with end-stage pulmonary disease because of the mismatch between the supply and demand of lungs for transplantation. However, it is unclear whether two pulmonary lobes can provide adequate long-term pulmonary function and satisfactory clinical outcome in recipients. Methods: Between October 1998 and September 2004, 28 females and 3 males, including 5 children, underwent LDLLT at Okayama University Hospital. Their mean age was 31.8 years, and the mean observation period was 53.8 months. One patient who underwent single-lung transplantation and another who died peri-operatively were excluded from further analyses. Results: The most common indication for transplantation was pulmonary arterial hypertension (32.3%). The overall survival rate was 93.6%. Seven recipients (22.6%) developed bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after LDLLT. The mean percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) improved between 12 and 24 months after transplantation (71.8 ± 12.9% and 65.8 ± 17.2% at 12 months vs 77.4 ± 16.6% and 72.8 ± 14.6% at 24 months; p < 0.005 and p < 0.05, respectively). The actual recipient FVC ultimately reached 123.0% of the estimated graft FVC of two donor lobes (calculated based on the donor FVC and number of segments implanted) at 36 months after LDLLT. Conclusions: Although LDLLT may be associated with the limitation of size mismatch, it holds promise for providing well-functioning pulmonary lobar grafts to critically ill patients with poor life expectancy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine