Long-term effects of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect on cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in patients older than 40 years with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function

Yoichi Takaya, Manabu Taniguchi, Teiji Akagi, Saori Nobusada, Kengo Kusano, Hiroshi Itoh, Shunji Sano

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Abstract

Background Although it has been demonstrated that cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity improve after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), little is known about long-term benefits in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. Objectives To evaluate long-term extent and time course of improvements in cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. Methods: Twenty ASD patients ≥ 40 years of age with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function (predicted peak oxygen uptake [VO2] <65%) were enrolled. Transthoracic echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed at baseline and at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and >12 months after the procedure. Results At 1 month after the procedure, significant decreases in right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic diameter (38.2 ± 4.4 to 31.9 ± 4.4 mm; P <0.001) and RV/left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ratio (0.95 ± 0.17 to 0.71 ± 0.13; P <0.001) occurred, and they were maintained during the follow-up period. Normal RV size was achieved in 11 of 18 patients with RV enlargement. Predicted peak VO2 did not change at 1 month and 3 months, but it improved significantly after 6 months (53.6 ± 6.5 to 62.1 ± 12.6%; P <0.01). Sixteen of the 20 patients showed improved predicted peak VO2. Conclusions Cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity could be improved over the long-term period after transcatheter closure of ASD in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. There were differences in the time course of improvement between cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. (J Interven Cardiol 2013;26:195-199)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

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Atrial Heart Septal Defects
Exercise
Patient Rights
Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

@article{34dba13c1b10439480ef0822bcb64d03,
title = "Long-term effects of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect on cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in patients older than 40 years with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function",
abstract = "Background Although it has been demonstrated that cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity improve after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), little is known about long-term benefits in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. Objectives To evaluate long-term extent and time course of improvements in cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. Methods: Twenty ASD patients ≥ 40 years of age with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function (predicted peak oxygen uptake [VO2] <65{\%}) were enrolled. Transthoracic echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed at baseline and at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and >12 months after the procedure. Results At 1 month after the procedure, significant decreases in right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic diameter (38.2 ± 4.4 to 31.9 ± 4.4 mm; P <0.001) and RV/left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ratio (0.95 ± 0.17 to 0.71 ± 0.13; P <0.001) occurred, and they were maintained during the follow-up period. Normal RV size was achieved in 11 of 18 patients with RV enlargement. Predicted peak VO2 did not change at 1 month and 3 months, but it improved significantly after 6 months (53.6 ± 6.5 to 62.1 ± 12.6{\%}; P <0.01). Sixteen of the 20 patients showed improved predicted peak VO2. Conclusions Cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity could be improved over the long-term period after transcatheter closure of ASD in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. There were differences in the time course of improvement between cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. (J Interven Cardiol 2013;26:195-199)",
author = "Yoichi Takaya and Manabu Taniguchi and Teiji Akagi and Saori Nobusada and Kengo Kusano and Hiroshi Itoh and Shunji Sano",
year = "2013",
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T1 - Long-term effects of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect on cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in patients older than 40 years with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function

AU - Takaya, Yoichi

AU - Taniguchi, Manabu

AU - Akagi, Teiji

AU - Nobusada, Saori

AU - Kusano, Kengo

AU - Itoh, Hiroshi

AU - Sano, Shunji

PY - 2013/4

Y1 - 2013/4

N2 - Background Although it has been demonstrated that cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity improve after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), little is known about long-term benefits in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. Objectives To evaluate long-term extent and time course of improvements in cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. Methods: Twenty ASD patients ≥ 40 years of age with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function (predicted peak oxygen uptake [VO2] <65%) were enrolled. Transthoracic echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed at baseline and at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and >12 months after the procedure. Results At 1 month after the procedure, significant decreases in right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic diameter (38.2 ± 4.4 to 31.9 ± 4.4 mm; P <0.001) and RV/left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ratio (0.95 ± 0.17 to 0.71 ± 0.13; P <0.001) occurred, and they were maintained during the follow-up period. Normal RV size was achieved in 11 of 18 patients with RV enlargement. Predicted peak VO2 did not change at 1 month and 3 months, but it improved significantly after 6 months (53.6 ± 6.5 to 62.1 ± 12.6%; P <0.01). Sixteen of the 20 patients showed improved predicted peak VO2. Conclusions Cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity could be improved over the long-term period after transcatheter closure of ASD in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. There were differences in the time course of improvement between cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. (J Interven Cardiol 2013;26:195-199)

AB - Background Although it has been demonstrated that cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity improve after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), little is known about long-term benefits in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. Objectives To evaluate long-term extent and time course of improvements in cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. Methods: Twenty ASD patients ≥ 40 years of age with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function (predicted peak oxygen uptake [VO2] <65%) were enrolled. Transthoracic echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed at baseline and at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and >12 months after the procedure. Results At 1 month after the procedure, significant decreases in right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic diameter (38.2 ± 4.4 to 31.9 ± 4.4 mm; P <0.001) and RV/left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ratio (0.95 ± 0.17 to 0.71 ± 0.13; P <0.001) occurred, and they were maintained during the follow-up period. Normal RV size was achieved in 11 of 18 patients with RV enlargement. Predicted peak VO2 did not change at 1 month and 3 months, but it improved significantly after 6 months (53.6 ± 6.5 to 62.1 ± 12.6%; P <0.01). Sixteen of the 20 patients showed improved predicted peak VO2. Conclusions Cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity could be improved over the long-term period after transcatheter closure of ASD in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. There were differences in the time course of improvement between cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity in those patients. (J Interven Cardiol 2013;26:195-199)

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