Long-term clinical outcomes of 420 consecutive prostate cancer patients in a single institute

Kohei Edamura, Takashi Saika, Takashi Senoh, Fumihito Koizumi, Daisuke Manabe, Shin Ebara, Haruki Kaku, Teruhiko Yokoyama, Fernando Abarzua, Atsushi Nagai, Yasutomo Nasu, Tomoyasu Tsushima, Hiromi Kumon

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Abstract

This study was undertaken to reveal the trends of prostate cancer and the outcome of treatment modalities for each disease stage in patients in a single institute over a 10-year period. From January 1994 through December 2003, 420 consecutive patients with previously untreated and histologically confirmed prostate cancer were analyzed for annual distributions of disease stages and treatment modalities and for long-term clinical progression-free survival, prostate cancer-specific survival, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure-free survival rates for each stage and treatment modality. Annual trends showed that the number of patients, especially those with clinically localized cancer, increased dramatically. The 5-year disease-specific survival rates for patients with clinically localized disease were 100% for all treatment modalities, including hormonal therapy alone. Patients with PSA levels less than 10 ng/ml showed an 81% 5-year PSA failure-free survival rate with radical prostatectomy. Stage C patients treated by surgery or radiation-based therapy with concomitant hormonal therapy obtained 93% and 100% cause-specific survival rates, respectively, and those treated by hormonal therapy alone showed a 79% rate. The number of patients with localized prostate cancer was increasing in this decade. While long-term hormonal therapy alone was highly efficient in controlling localized prostate cancer, radical therapies in conjunction with neo-adjuvant hormonal therapy produced better survival rates in cases of locally advanced disease. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume59
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Cohort
  • Long-term
  • Outcome
  • Prostate carcinoma
  • Retrospective

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Edamura, K., Saika, T., Senoh, T., Koizumi, F., Manabe, D., Ebara, S., Kaku, H., Yokoyama, T., Abarzua, F., Nagai, A., Nasu, Y., Tsushima, T., & Kumon, H. (2005). Long-term clinical outcomes of 420 consecutive prostate cancer patients in a single institute. Acta medica Okayama, 59(5), 195-199.